5 Stone Diamond Ring in Nome

5 Tips on What To Look For When Buying Diamonds For Wedding Rings

A wedding, or an engagement in  Nome, is one of the most important events in every couple’s life. One of the best ways of making the experience memorable is by choosing the right ring to symbolize the love you have for one another. While most couples would like to get the most beautiful ring they can lay their hands on, budgetary restrictions can be a challenge. However, it is possible to find an ideal ring based on your budget.

For anyone looking for precious diamonds for engagement rings and wedding rings in Nome, they should consider going about the process carefully. There are various dealers in the market, some of who may sell you fake diamonds. Here are a few useful tips on what to look for when looking for precious diamonds for engagement or wedding rings.

Consider the Diamond Cut

1. Any expert will tell you that the cut is the most important thing to consider when buying diamonds in Nome. The main reason behind this is that the cut usually influences the sparkle. A diamond may be clear and feature a high quality color grade, but if the cut is poor, it may still appear dull. The dealer you buy from should be able to cut your diamond in the proper proportions. If your budget can allow it, choose a diamond with the highest cut grade.

Diamond Color

2.  Contrary to common belief, lack of color in your diamonds denotes a higher color grade. Some people go for pale yellow diamond, without knowing that it is low quality. To avoid such an experience, ask the diamond dealer to give you grade H or higher. Near colorless diamond ranges from grade G to J, but it may be quite expensive.

Clarity Diamonds can also be chosen based on their clarity levels.

3. This is usually not a very important factor to consider, considering that the precious stones usually come with imperfections, known as inclusions. These tiny imperfections may not be easy to detect, and they may only be seen through a microscope. However, the fewer there are, the higher the clarity grade of your diamonds. If your budget can be stretched further, consider buying grade VS1 grade or higher.

Consider the Diamond’s Carat Weight

4.  Unlike common belief, carat does not mean the size of the diamond, but its actual weight. Carat and cut must be considered side by side, because no matter the size of the diamond, a poor cut grade can make your precious stones look smaller. Another important fact to keep in mind is that the more the weight of the diamond, the more you will pay for it. Therefore, you should consider going for a less heavy stone with a high grade cut.

Ask for Proof of Certification

5. There is nothing as unfortunate as buying diamonds for your special event only to realize that they are of poor quality, or that they were stolen. To avoid such an eventuality, always ask the dealer in Nome to show you the copy of diamond certification.

With these tips, you should be able to make the right choice when buying precious diamonds in Nome for you engagement or wedding.

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Nome How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

To begin our function on different kinds of gemstones, we will begin with the very best and most popular gemstone of them all the ruby. The diamond is the best gemstone. It has few weaknesses as well as several strengths. It sparkles with its extraordinary worth and also emotional value. It is made use of in wedding rings to represent countless love or used as gifts/jewelry to be offered to loved ones. But the ruby is so a lot more than its eternal appeal.

The ruby obtains its name from the Greek work adamas indicating unbeatable. In firmness, there is no contrast. The ruby prices in the Mohs scale a 10 which is the hardest material in the world. Its reducing resistance is 140 times that of the ruby and sapphire, the gems(Diamond) that are following in the Mohs scale in solidity. The diamond's optical properties such as radiance as well as inflexibility make it one-of-a-kind and conveniently identified from various other replicas. Appreciate!

* History of Diamonds

The initial taped diamond days back around 800 B.C. in India. Some believe it also went back 6,000 years ago. The diamonds were made use of as ornamental purposes as well as likewise as talismans to ward off evil and also offer security in fight. During the Dark Ages, diamonds were also specified to be used as a medical aid. Religious medical professionals even told people that if they hold a diamond in a hand and also make the indicator of the cross would certainly, it would certainly cure and health problem as well as heal wounds.

Diamonds ended up being more prominent throughout the 19th century due to discovery of ruby down payments in South Africa. This exploration results in boosted supply, improved cutting and polishing methods, and growth in economic climate. In 1979, rock hounds located the Argyle pipeline in Australia which to this date is the richest ruby down payment in the world. Argyle, ever since, alone is accountable for supplying over one third of the globe's diamonds each year.

* Diamonds: Exactly how are they created?

Rubies contains an allotrope of carbons that are formed in high-pressure, high-temperature problems. Rubies are created 90 miles under the Planet's surface at temperature levels of concerning 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Rubies are created deep within the earth as well as at some point, over exceptionally extended periods of time, push their method to the earth's surface, usually with volcanic eruptions.

The age of these diamonds from below the surface of the earth are from 1 to 3.3 billion years old! When rubies are created and start their climb to the planet's surface, they undergo networks where the magma from the volcano rises to the surface, getting rubies in the process and eventually transferring them on the surface, where they are eventually located and mined.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are four distinct attributes that figure out the worth as well as high quality of a ruby. These are the shade, cut, quality as well as carat weight. Or else called the 4 C's of a ruby. In the adhering to, we will certainly discuss these features thoroughly.

* Shade

In the last e-newsletter, we touch based on the color of gems as being one of the most essential attribute due to that color is the most apparent attribute. The perfect diamond should show up clear and also colorless however this is not the instance for all diamonds. Rubies can come in any shade of the rainbow most common shade is a shade of yellow or brown. The Geological Institute of The U.S.A.(GIA) have developed a guideline to quality ruby shade. This guideline contains a text system that ranges from the alphabet D - Z. Please see below:

D E F No Shade G H I J Almost Anemic K L M Faintly tinted, can not hardly be seen and typically yellow in color N O P Q R Lightly tinted, typically yellow. Can be seen with the naked eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, starts from yellow as well as proceeds to brownish

* Clarity

The cut a ruby is established by the diamond's proportion such as its form, width and also depth. The cut determines exactly what is called the diamond's "luster". Also if the ruby itself has ideal shade as well as clearness, with a bad cut the diamond will certainly have a plain brilliance. This is because the cut figures out just how light trips within the ruby. The Gemological Institute of The U.S.A. has actually likewise developed a clearness grading system to place ruby clearness. This grading system consists of Perfect (Fl), Internally Perfect (IF), Really Really Slightly Included (VV1 or VV2), Very A Little Included(VS1 or VS2), Slightly Included(SI1 or SI2), as well as Consisted Of(I1, I2, and I3). Although this system had actually been added to the diamond sector, it is not extensively utilized. This is because of the truth that it took a great deal of technique as well as training to integrate it.

* Cut

The cut a ruby is established by the ruby's percentage such as its form, size as well as deepness. The cut identifies just what is called the diamond's "radiance". Even if the diamond itself has perfect shade as well as clarity, with an inadequate cut the ruby will have a dull sparkle. This is since the cut establishes how light journeys within the ruby.

There are 3 kinds of cuts that can identify the diamond's radiance. These are a shallow cut, a cut that is as well deep as well as perfect cut. A superficial cut is a cut of a diamond that is also low, that light taking a trip with it is shed under of the rock and does not return right into sight. This cut makes a ruby appear drab and also dull. A cut that is unfathomable is a cut that is expensive, that light traveling with it leaves with the sides and also darkens the stone. An ideal cut is a perfect cut on a diamond that shows light to the top of the rock, offering it best radiance.

* Carat

As specified on the last newsletter, a solitary carat(ct) considers regarding 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller sized carat rubies that consider much less than a carat, it is expressed as factors (pt). Factors are 1/100 of a carat weight. Carat weight of a diamond is essential as a result of that bigger diamonds are rarer than smaller ones, so primarily the larger the diamond the extra costly it is. There is no basic grading system or representation that could reveal various carat weight. This is since there are numerous variations of rubies in form and cut, makings stones of comparable weight, look various.

* Replica Diamonds

Given that rubies are one of the most valuable and also rarest of all the gemstones, initiatives have actually been made to replicate or perhaps boost diamonds making use of much less costly choices. A great deal of times, truthful errors have actually been made and also these alternatives or other gems such as spinel were occasionally puzzled with actual rubies. In many cases, some deceitful people aim to sell these options to misfortunate buyers in order to profit. Below we will discuss regarding these alternatives and ways to determine them.

* Artificial Diamonds

Artificial diamonds are rubies that are grown made in a lab. The initial known cases of diamond synthesis were declared to be recorded between 1879 - 1928, however this was never verified. It wasn't until the 1940's where research study started in the USA, Sweden, Soviet Union began looking into. Synthetic rubies are or else referred to as High Pressure High Temperature Level (HPHT) diamonds or Chemical Vapor Deposit (CVD) diamonds. The name of both these synthetic diamonds stems from the procedures made use of to create them. Some of these artificial diamonds can either have better, minimal or similar features compared to that of a diamond. As a result, these synthetic diamonds are used for abrasives, reducing as well as brightening devices, and switches over in power stations.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond compounds that are used to duplicate the look or even the form of a ruby. One of the most fundamental and well understood simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at ordinary sight can sparkle even more than a ruby as well as it is much less thick, indicating that a 1 carat CZ will be a lot bigger than a 1 carat weight diamond. Nowadays, a much more prominent simulant is moissanite, which has just the same characteristics of a ruby. These features consist of hardness (Moissanite-9.25 and diamond-10 in Mohs range), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 as well as diamond -2.42) and dispersion (Moissanite -.104 and ruby -.044). This makes it hard to distinguish both at plain view and would typically call for testers to discriminate. In the next section we will go over how to recognize moissanites as well as other imitations.

* Real or Counterfeit?

An old method of identifying diamonds is to do a scratch examination. This requires scratching a ruby with an additional diamond which is devastating and also is hardly ever utilized nowadays. The very best and also most reliable means to check for rubies is to use testers that make use of thermal conductivity. These testers contain battery powered thermistors installed with a retractable copper tip. This tester works by injecting the warmth into the checked rock and after that the device measures the amount of warm that it carries out. However thermal conductivity testers works best to identify rubies and also its various other simulants, it will certainly not assist distinguish lab developed or artificial rocks. To be able to recognize these, specific optical techniques are required. Laboratories utilize methods such as spectroscopy, microscopy as well as luminescence in order to figure out a specific stones origin. The average person could use loupes and microscopes to distinguish artificial rocks. All-natural rubies generally have small flaws as well as flaws such as incorporations or some kind of foreign material, which will not be located in synthetics.

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How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Nome

There are a number of styles of involvement rings of 2018 that are incredibly fashionable. Whatever from pave diamond rings and colored rocks to "eco-friendly" rings and network established diamond rings ended up being extremely preferred in 2018.

Pave diamond rings are rings with three or 4 rows of little, even-sized rubies that usually go around the whole ring. A bigger facility stone established over the remainder of the ring finishes the appearance. Pave ruby interaction rings are among the most effective involvement rings of 2018 since they are a sophisticated selection for an interaction ring while creating a lot of shimmer on a soon-to-be new bride's third finger. You'll likewise find lead diamond wedding celebration bands that match your interaction ring as well as make it even more sparkly.

Colored stones have actually also grown in appeal. As a result of this, rings with colored diamonds are among the best interaction rings of 2018. Rubies can be found in a variety of colors, including yellow, blue, pink, or even black. True tinted diamonds are exceptionally rare, makings them very costly. A one-carat tinted ruby could run upwards of 10 thousand dollars. However, if you could not pay for to invest this much money on an engagement ring, there are a pair of alternatives that will certainly still allow you to be stylish with a tinted rock. With the most up to date technology, you can buy a man-made tinted diamond. With the developments that have been made, most people can not tell the difference between a mined ruby and a manufactured one. If you acquire or commission a manufactured ruby, you can pick whichever color you prefer, as well as conserve numerous countless dollars in the meanwhile. Alternatively, if you want a colored rock however don't need a ruby, emerald greens, sapphires, and also rubies make terrific alternatives for involvement rings and are far less costly compared to extracted tinted rubies.

Green interaction rings are likewise amongst the best engagement rings of 2018. With more people concerned about the atmosphere and also about the civils rights problems that surround traditional diamond mining, more people are seeking choices to standard engagement rings. One possibility is to purchase an involvement ring that has a ruby that was mined in Canada as opposed to South Africa. Canada doesn't have the very same civils rights concerns revolving around its ruby market, so it's taken into consideration to be more pleasant to the world. Alternatively, buying a man-made ruby ring is additionally considered to be much more "green" since not only does it not have the very same human rights issues that mined rubies do, but it doesn't destroy the earth like mining for diamonds tends to do. Alternatively, the most effective interaction rings of 2018 consist of antique involvement rings given that the greenest engagement rings are those that are recycled as well as recycled. By getting an involvement ring that is antique, you are not adding to the brand-new diamond ring market or the devastation of the environment.

Channel established diamond rings are additionally on the listing of finest engagement rings of 2018. Channel collection involvement rings have actually the rocks set within the band of the ring, so the top of the stone is despite the top of the ring. Network set rings are especially ideal since the diamonds are secured from being damaged because you can not get to the stone to chip them. Even much more prominent are channel collection diamond rings constructed of platinum, which has lately grown in appeal. If you desire to purchase a ring that is a lot more unique, though, you can have a network set engagement ring established with rocks aside from rubies. Sapphires are an especially popular selection for involvement rings.

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Wedding Rings For Men And Women in Alaska

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For centuries in Nome , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Nome . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Nome . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

 

1 ct wedding band

Nome How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Diamonds are naturally offered in a very large range of colors. Many people find out about colorless rubies and also GIA's shade grading system that is used to categorize a ruby's body color ... you know D, E, F, etc. This color grading system is just utilized to identify the most typical diamond body shade of yellow nevertheless anytime a ruby is discovered in another shade like pink, blue, green, etc.; then this ruby is described as a "" fancy ruby"".

Natural Fancy rubies could be really costly and also sometimes more pricey compared to a similar dimension colorless ruby. An extremely great example of a Fancy diamond is the infamous 45.52 carat weight fancy deep blue ruby, the Hope Diamond, which is on screen in the Smithsonian Natural Background Gallery in Washington, DC.

A color improved diamond is a 100% natural ruby that has had its shade altered. And most importantly, shade enhanced rubies been available in an extremely large choice of shades at extremely budget friendly prices!

A little history- For numerous, years it has been popular that a diamond's shade could be "" enhanced"" by putting a little bit of tinted substance externally of a diamond and also similar to magic ... a diamond that had a noticeable yellowish color would change to a much more attractive near anemic ruby. Sadly, this type of shade enhanced diamond might change back to its original body shade if this colored compound was unintentionally removed. In more current years, the modern technology of shade improved rubies has gone very high tech. It is now possible to totally transform the color of a diamond! These processes are considered permanent because it does continue to be stable when revealed to everyday typical problems. The color will not fade if revealed to sunshine or be washed off by rough chemicals.

Just how is it done? The preferred end result of any of these therapies is to have an extra valuable diamond. A much less valuable diamond would be a ruby that has a low body shade or often a lower quality. The shade boosted diamond treatment business understand if they begin with a certain sort of ruby and also procedure it for a certain amount of time that they need to wind up with a particular shade yet it does not constantly function by doing this. This is a science that does call for some art in their procedures ... the only procedure that gives consistent outcomes is the finish process.

The 3 processes are as adheres to- Refine # 1- HPHT Shade Improved Diamonds- High Pressure/ Heat (HPHT) therapy could improve the shade of particular types of brownish rubies and also thus boost their worth. General Electric has created a procedure that virtually is a mechanical simulation of a diamond's production in nature. The color enhanced diamond will certainly be warmed up to an extremely high temperature under a really high, maintained pressure. Faults in the crystal structure are then reorganized leading to a modification of the ruby's shade. Due to the fact that the problems of HPHT are really comparable to ruby's initial development, only a well equipped laboratory will certainly be able to positively recognize this kind of color boosted diamond. HPHT was initially utilized to transform yellow-colored diamonds into even more marketable fancy colored enhanced diamonds, however currently it is also made use of to change some unpopular brown rubies right into even more preferable anemic colored boosted rubies.

Process # 2- Irradiated Color Enhanced Diamonds- OK ... do not start getting all thrilled because you saw words irradiated! This is a 100% secure procedure that is extremely just like exactly what is made use of to maintain food by revealing it to a stream of Gamma rays. The shade enhanced ruby process is carried out in numerous different methods yet the outcomes are all the very same. You begin with a low color (P, Q, R, etc.) 100% all-natural ruby that has already been cut as well as polished, then it is revealed to a stream of fast electrons. Throughout this component of the procedure the ruby will certainly transform to an extremely dark color since several of the atoms in the diamond's crystal structure have currently been disjointed and this subsequently has actually impacted the method light go through the ruby. Next the ruby experiences a controlled home heating (annealing) procedure, this permits several of those atoms to relocate (partly fixed) in order to acquire a preferred shade.

Refine # 3- Covered Color Enhanced Diamonds- The finish on refined rubies refers to a slim fabricated layer that alters the color of the ruby. The covering can either be of the preferred shade or can trigger a tinted interference-effect. However sometimes this process is done to trick a buyer. It is a fairly easy process to perform, it has been around for years (although the coatings products are better currently), and also it does not require a great deal of expensive high tech devices. Recently, I have actually seen some pink layered rubies on the market, they are really eye-catching ... and obviously you would need to acquire them recognizing that they have been layered and follow your jewelry expert's guidelines about possessing as well as caring for these color improved rubies. The coating can be put on the whole of a diamond's surface, just the base of the ruby, or to a narrow zone near the band. A well-applied finish can alter the shade by one or more shade grade. Some layers could be gotten rid of with boiling in acid, strong cleaning solutions, and even house chemicals. In some cases dots or larger locations of purple or blue ink are repainted on the diamond to assist neutralize a yellow-colored color. The diamond's setup will normally cover the dots, so they are tough to see in a placed stone.

So, is a color enhanced diamond right for you? Maybe ... all-natural expensive color diamonds could be stunning but they are costly! Shade improved rubies are affordable and allow many individuals to have a vibrantly colored diamond. Ask your local jewelry expert if they have any Fancy diamonds ... either natural or color enhanced rubies. It is always fascinating, and also fun, to take a look at something different!

Under typical wear the irradiated and HPHT shade improved diamonds will have no issues of the color fading away. The only factor to consider will certainly be when you have to have any kind of service done on the item of precious jewelry. If this kind of color boosted diamond is revealed to too much amounts of warm it might affect the shade. The jewelry expert will certainly have to recognize that the ruby is a color enhanced ruby prior to any type of job is done and afterwards the jeweler will be able to choose on the very best strategy. Color improved diamonds are currently additionally utilized as the little accent diamonds around a larger colorless diamond. There are many exciting pieces of jewelry readily available with small blue, yellow, black, or eco-friendly color improved rubies.

Since you find out about color improved rubies and also somebody attempts to market you on just what they call a natural expensive colored diamond but it goes to a very bargain cost ... you will recognize that something just does not seem right regarding the offer. A report from a recognized grading laboratory need to go along with 100% natural Fancy colored rubies that are marketed as all-natural. If you take care of a respectable firm and you have actually been guaranteed concerning what you are buying, after that you will decrease the opportunity of something poor happening to you. As with any kind of circumstance involving a costly acquisition of something that not many people are experienceded in, education and learning ought to be a vital part of your plan. This is a lot more vital if you intend to buy a shade enhanced ruby. Bud Boland has been in the fashion jewelry organisation for 40 years and also has done whatever from watchmaking, diamond setting, fashion jewelry making, and also has been a Jeweler for virtually 35 years. He is a Grad Gemologist from GIA (Gemological Institute of The U.S.A.), which is also the location where he was a Teacher. He has actually taught concerning diamonds to hundreds of pupils from around the world

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Fake Or Real Ruby And Is This Right For You

Nome

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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