5 Stone Diamond Ring in Nome

5 Tips on What To Look For When Buying Diamonds For Wedding Rings

A wedding, or an engagement in  Nome, is one of the most important events in every couple’s life. One of the best ways of making the experience memorable is by choosing the right ring to symbolize the love you have for one another. While most couples would like to get the most beautiful ring they can lay their hands on, budgetary restrictions can be a challenge. However, it is possible to find an ideal ring based on your budget.

For anyone looking for precious diamonds for engagement rings and wedding rings in Nome, they should consider going about the process carefully. There are various dealers in the market, some of who may sell you fake diamonds. Here are a few useful tips on what to look for when looking for precious diamonds for engagement or wedding rings.

Consider the Diamond Cut

1. Any expert will tell you that the cut is the most important thing to consider when buying diamonds in Nome. The main reason behind this is that the cut usually influences the sparkle. A diamond may be clear and feature a high quality color grade, but if the cut is poor, it may still appear dull. The dealer you buy from should be able to cut your diamond in the proper proportions. If your budget can allow it, choose a diamond with the highest cut grade.

Diamond Color

2.  Contrary to common belief, lack of color in your diamonds denotes a higher color grade. Some people go for pale yellow diamond, without knowing that it is low quality. To avoid such an experience, ask the diamond dealer to give you grade H or higher. Near colorless diamond ranges from grade G to J, but it may be quite expensive.

Clarity Diamonds can also be chosen based on their clarity levels.

3. This is usually not a very important factor to consider, considering that the precious stones usually come with imperfections, known as inclusions. These tiny imperfections may not be easy to detect, and they may only be seen through a microscope. However, the fewer there are, the higher the clarity grade of your diamonds. If your budget can be stretched further, consider buying grade VS1 grade or higher.

Consider the Diamond’s Carat Weight

4.  Unlike common belief, carat does not mean the size of the diamond, but its actual weight. Carat and cut must be considered side by side, because no matter the size of the diamond, a poor cut grade can make your precious stones look smaller. Another important fact to keep in mind is that the more the weight of the diamond, the more you will pay for it. Therefore, you should consider going for a less heavy stone with a high grade cut.

Ask for Proof of Certification

5. There is nothing as unfortunate as buying diamonds for your special event only to realize that they are of poor quality, or that they were stolen. To avoid such an eventuality, always ask the dealer in Nome to show you the copy of diamond certification.

With these tips, you should be able to make the right choice when buying precious diamonds in Nome for you engagement or wedding.

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Nome How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

To begin our attribute on various sorts of gemstones, we will certainly start with the very best as well as most well understood gems of them all the diamond. The diamond is the utmost gemstone. It has really few weak points as well as many staminas. It shines with its amazing value and sentimental worth. It is made use of in wedding celebration rings to stand for limitless love or used as gifts/jewelry to be offered to enjoyed ones. Yet the diamond is so much greater than its timeless appeal.

The diamond derives its name from the Greek work adamas indicating unsurpassable. In solidity, there is no contrast. The ruby rates in the Mohs range a 10 which is the hardest compound on Earth. Its reducing resistance is 140 times that of the ruby and sapphire, the gems(Corundum) that are next in the Mohs range in firmness. The ruby's optical buildings such as luster as well as rigidity make it special and easily distinguished from other replicas. Enjoy!

* Background of Diamonds

The first recorded ruby go back around 800 B.C. in India. Some believe it also dated back 6,000 years earlier. The rubies were used as attractive objectives and as amulets to prevent evil and also give security in battle. Throughout the Dark Ages, rubies were also stated to be utilized as a medical aid. Religious doctors even told people that if they hold a diamond in a hand as well as make the sign of the cross would certainly, it would certainly cure and disease as well as recover injuries.

Rubies became a lot more preferred throughout the 19th century as a result of discovery of ruby deposits in South Africa. This exploration leads to raised supply, boosted cutting and also polishing strategies, and development in economic situation. In 1979, geologists located the Argyle pipe in Australia which to this day is the richest ruby deposit on the planet. Argyle, ever since, alone is in charge of supplying over one third of the world's rubies annually.

* Diamonds: Exactly how are they formed?

Rubies includes an allotrope of carbons that are formed in high-pressure, high-temperature conditions. Diamonds are produced 90 miles under the Planet's surface at temperatures of regarding 2200 levels Fahrenheit. Diamonds are developed deep within the planet as well as ultimately, over exceptionally extended periods of time, press their way to the earth's surface, generally with volcanic eruptions.

The age of these rubies from beneath the surface of the planet are from 1 to 3.3 billion years old! When rubies are developed and also begin their ascent to the earth's surface area, they experience networks where the lava from the volcano rises to the surface area, choosing up rubies along the method as well as at some point transferring them on the surface area, where they are ultimately found and also mined.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are four distinct qualities that determine the value and quality of a ruby. These are the color, cut, quality and carat. Or else called the 4 C's of a ruby. In the adhering to, we will certainly discuss these features in detail.

* Color

In the last e-newsletter, we touch based on the shade of gems as being one of the most essential function as a result of the reality that shade is the most obvious function. The best diamond should show up clear as well as colorless however this is not the case for all rubies. Diamonds can be available in any type of shade of the rainbow most typical shade is a color of yellow or brownish. The Geological Institute of The U.S.A.(GIA) have created a standard to quality diamond color. This guideline includes a text system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see listed below:

D E F No Shade G H I J Nearly Anemic K L M Faintly colored, cannot rarely be seen and generally yellow in shade N O P Q R Gently tinted, normally yellow. Could be seen with the naked eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, begins with yellow and advances to brown

* Quality

The cut a diamond is determined by the diamond's percentage such as its form, width as well as depth. The cut determines what is called the diamond's "sparkle". Also if the ruby itself has best color as well as clarity, with a poor cut the diamond will have a dull brilliance. This is since the cut determines how light trips within the diamond. The Gemological Institute of The U.S.A. has additionally devised a clearness grading system to rate diamond clearness. This grading system consists of Remarkable (Fl), Inside Flawless (IF), Very Extremely A Little Included (VV1 or VV2), Extremely Somewhat Included(VS1 or VS2), Somewhat Included(SI1 or SI2), and Consisted Of(I1, I2, as well as I3). Although this system had actually been added to the diamond industry, it is not widely used. This is due to that it took a whole lot of technique and also training to incorporate it.

* Cut

The cut a ruby is identified by the ruby's proportion such as its form, size and deepness. The cut determines what is called the diamond's "brilliance". Also if the ruby itself has excellent color and also quality, with an inadequate cut the diamond will have a dull luster. This is due to the fact that the cut determines how light travels within the diamond.

There are 3 sorts of cuts that can identify the diamond's brilliance. These are a shallow cut, a cut that is also deep as well as excellent cut. A superficial cut is a cut of a ruby that is too reduced, that light traveling with it is lost on the bottom of the stone and also does not return right into view. This cut makes a diamond appear lifeless as well as plain. A cut that is too deep is a cut that is also high, that light traveling with it gets away via the sides and darkens the rock. An ideal cut is an excellent cut on a ruby that reflects light to the top of the rock, providing it ideal sparkle.

* Carat

As specified on the last newsletter, a single carat weight(ct) considers about 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller carat rubies that evaluate much less compared to a carat, it is revealed as factors (pt). Factors are 1/100 of a carat. Carat weight of a diamond is necessary due to the truth that bigger rubies are rarer compared to smaller sized ones, so primarily the larger the diamond the a lot more costly it is. There is no typical grading system or diagram that could show different carat weight. This is due to the fact that there are many variants of rubies in form as well as cut, which makes stones of similar weight, look different.

* Imitation Diamonds

Considering that diamonds are the most useful and rarest of all the gems, efforts have been made to duplicate and even improve rubies utilizing more economical choices. A great deal of times, truthful blunders have actually been made and also these alternatives or various other gemstones such as spinel were often confused with actual diamonds. Sometimes, some deceitful individuals try to offer these options to misfortunate purchasers in order to revenue. Listed below we will go over concerning these alternatives and also ways to recognize them.

* Artificial Diamonds

Artificial diamonds are rubies that are expanded produced in a research laboratory. The initial known instances of diamond synthesis were declared to be recorded in between 1879 - 1928, but this was never ever confirmed. It wasn't till the 1940's where study started in the United States, Sweden, Soviet Union started researching. Synthetic diamonds are or else known as High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) diamonds or Chemical Vapor Deposit (CVD) diamonds. The name of both these synthetic diamonds obtains from the processes utilized to develop them. A few of these artificial rubies could either have better, lower or comparable attributes compared to that of a ruby. Consequently, these synthetic diamonds are utilized for abrasives, reducing as well as brightening devices, and also changes in power terminals.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond substances that are used to reproduce the appearance and also even the shape of a ruby. One of the most fundamental and also popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at plain sight could sparkle more than a diamond and likewise it is less thick, indicating that a 1 carat CZ will be a lot bigger compared to a 1 carat diamond. Nowadays, an extra prominent simulant is moissanite, which has all the same qualities of a diamond. These qualities consist of hardness (Moissanite-9.25 and also diamond-10 in Mohs scale), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 and also diamond -2.42) and also dispersion (Moissanite -.104 as well as diamond -.044). This makes it tough to differentiate the 2 at ordinary sight and would certainly frequently call for testers to discriminate. In the next section we will certainly discuss exactly how to determine moissanites and various other imitations.

* Genuine or Counterfeit?

An old method of determining diamonds is to do a scratch test. This needs scratching a diamond with one more diamond which is destructive as well as is hardly ever utilized nowadays. The very best and also most reputable way to examine for diamonds is to make use of testers that use thermal conductivity. These testers include battery powered thermistors installed with a retractable copper suggestion. This tester works by injecting the warm into the checked stone and after that the device determines the amount of warmth that it conducts. Nonetheless thermal conductivity testers functions best to differentiate rubies as well as its other simulants, it will certainly not assist distinguish lab produced or synthetic stones. To be able to identify these, specific optical techniques are required. Laboratories utilize techniques such as spectroscopy, microscopy and also luminescence in order to determine a specific stones beginning. The ordinary person can utilize loupes as well as microscopes to identify artificial rocks. All-natural diamonds generally have small blemishes as well as flaws such as incorporations or some kind of foreign product, which will not be located in synthetics.

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How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

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Rubies are normally available in a very wide array of colors. Lots of people understand about colorless diamonds as well as GIA's shade grading system that is made use of to identify a diamond's body shade ... you understand D, E, F, and so on. This shade grading system is only utilized to identify one of the most typical ruby body shade of yellow nonetheless anytime a diamond is located in an additional shade like pink, blue, environment-friendly, and so on; after that this ruby is described as a "" fancy ruby"".

Natural Fancy rubies can be very pricey and also often times much more pricey compared to a similar size anemic ruby. A really good example of a Fancy diamond is the notorious 45.52 carat expensive deep blue diamond, the Hope Ruby, which gets on display in the Smithsonian Natural Background Gallery in Washington, DC.

A color improved diamond is a 100% all-natural ruby that has had its shade altered. And finest of all, shade improved rubies can be found in an extremely broad selection of shades at very affordable costs!

A little background- For many, years it has been well understood that a diamond's shade can be "" improved"" by placing a bit of tinted substance externally of a ruby and also simply like magic ... a diamond that had a recognizable yellow-colored shade would alter to a more attractive near anemic diamond. Unfortunately, this sort of color boosted diamond can change back to its initial body shade if this tinted compound was unintentionally gotten rid of. In even more recent years, the modern technology of shade boosted diamonds has actually gone very advanced. It is currently possible to completely transform the color of a diamond! These processes are taken into consideration irreversible due to the fact that it does continue to be stable when revealed to everyday regular problems. The shade will certainly not discolor if revealed to sunlight or be cleaned off by harsh chemicals.

Just how is it done? The desired end result of any one of these treatments is to have an extra marketable ruby. A less marketable diamond would certainly be a ruby that has a reduced body color or often a lower quality. The color boosted ruby therapy business understand if they start with a specific sort of ruby as well as procedure it for a specific amount of time that they should wind up with a specific shade but it does not always work that means. This is a scientific research that does require some art in their procedures ... the only procedure that offers consistent results is the coating procedure.

The three procedures are as complies with- Refine # 1- HPHT Color Improved Diamonds- High Pressure/ High Temperature Level (HPHT) therapy could enhance the shade of particular sorts of brown diamonds as well as thus enhance their worth. General Electric has developed a process that practically is a mechanical simulation of a ruby's creation in nature. The color boosted ruby will be warmed up to a really high temperature level under a very high, supported pressure. Faults in the crystal structure are then rearranged leading to a modification of the ruby's color. Since the conditions of HPHT are really just like diamond's original development, only a well equipped lab will be able to positively identify this kind of color improved diamond. HPHT was first utilized to turn yellow-colored diamonds right into more marketable fancy tinted improved diamonds, today it is likewise used to change some undesirable brown diamonds right into even more desirable colorless tinted improved rubies.

Refine # 2- Irradiated Shade Boosted Diamonds- OK ... do not start obtaining all thrilled due to the fact that you saw words irradiated! This is a 100% risk-free process that is really comparable to what is made use of to preserve food by subjecting it to a stream of Gamma rays. The shade boosted diamond process is done in numerous different means however the results are just the same. You start with a low color (P, Q, R, etc.) 100% all-natural ruby that has actually currently been reduced and also brightened, after that it is subjected to a stream of rapid electrons. Throughout this component of the process the ruby will resort to an extremely dark color because some of the atoms in the diamond's crystal structure have now been disjointed and also this then has actually influenced the means light passes with the ruby. Next the ruby goes with a regulated heating (annealing) procedure, this permits a few of those atoms to move (partially repaired) in order to acquire a wanted shade.

Process # 3- Covered Color Boosted Diamonds- The finishing on polished diamonds refers to a slim man-made layer that modifies the color of the diamond. The finishing can either be of the wanted shade or could cause a tinted interference-effect. Regrettably often this process is done to deceive a buyer. It is a reasonably easy procedure to execute, it has actually been around for several years (although the coatings products are much better currently), as well as it does not call for a great deal of pricey advanced equipment. Lately, I have actually seen some pink layered rubies on the market, they are extremely appealing ... as well as certainly you would certainly have to purchase them knowing that they have been covered and also follow your jewelry expert's standards concerning owning and looking after these color improved diamonds. The covering could be put on the whole of a diamond's surface, just all-time low of the ruby, or to a slim area near the girdle. A well-applied layer could alter the shade by one or more shade grade. Some finishes could be eliminated with boiling in acid, strong cleansing options, or also family chemicals. Occasionally dots or larger locations of purple or blue ink are paintinged on the diamond to assist neutralize a yellowish shade. The ruby's setting will generally cover the dots, so they are difficult to see in an installed stone.

So, is a shade improved ruby right for you? Maybe ... all-natural fancy color diamonds could be lovely but they are costly! Shade boosted rubies are affordable as well as enable numerous individuals to own a brilliantly colored diamond. Ask your neighborhood jeweler if they have any type of Fancy diamonds ... either natural or color enhanced diamonds. It is constantly fascinating, and also enjoyable, to take a look at something various!

Under regular wear the irradiated as well as HPHT shade boosted diamonds will have no worry of the color fading away. The only consideration will be when you should have any kind of solution done on the piece of jewelry. If this sort of color enhanced diamond is subjected to extreme quantities of heat it could influence the shade. The jewelry expert will need to recognize that the diamond is a color boosted ruby before any type of job is done then the jeweler will certainly be able to make a decision on the finest strategy. Shade improved diamonds are now likewise used as the little accent diamonds around a larger anemic ruby. There are lots of amazing pieces of jewelry offered with tiny blue, yellow, black, or environment-friendly shade improved rubies.

Now that you learn about shade boosted rubies as well as a person attempts to market you on just what they call an all-natural fancy colored diamond yet it goes to a very bargain price ... you will certainly recognize that something simply does not sound right regarding the deal. A record from a reputable grading laboratory ought to accompany all natural Fancy tinted rubies that are marketed as all-natural. If you take care of a reliable company as well as you have been guaranteed regarding just what you are getting, then you will certainly decrease the possibility of something poor happening to you. Similar to any type of circumstance involving an expensive purchase of something that very few individuals are experienceded in, education and learning must be a crucial component of your strategy. This is a lot more essential if you intend to purchase a color enhanced diamond. Bud Boland has actually remained in the jewelry business for 40 years and also has done every little thing from watchmaking, diamond setting, jewelry production, and also has actually been a Gemologist for almost 35 years. He is a Grad Gemologist from GIA (Gemological Institute of The U.S.A.), which is also the area where he was a Trainer. He has shown regarding rubies to thousands of trainees from throughout the world

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Wedding Rings For Men And Women in Alaska

Silver Chain Necklace online Nome

For centuries in Nome , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Nome . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Nome . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

 

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Nome How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

There are a number of styles of engagement rings of 2018 that are unbelievably stylish. Whatever from lead ruby rings and colored rocks to "eco-friendly" rings and network set diamond rings ended up being popular in 2018.

Pave diamond rings are rings with three or four rows of little, even-sized diamonds that usually go around the whole ring. A bigger facility stone established above the rest of the ring completes the look. Pave diamond involvement rings are among the most effective interaction rings of 2018 due to the fact that they are an elegant selection for an engagement ring while creating a great deal of shimmer on a soon-to-be bride's third finger. You'll also locate lead diamond wedding bands that match your interaction ring as well as make it much more sparkly.

Colored stones have actually likewise expanded in popularity. Due to this, rings with colored rubies are among the ideal involvement rings of 2018. Diamonds come in a selection of shades, including yellow, blue, pink, or even black. Real tinted rubies are exceptionally rare, which makes them very pricey. A one-carat tinted diamond could run upwards of ten thousand dollars. Nevertheless, if you can not manage to spend this much loan on an interaction ring, there are a number of options that will certainly still enable you to be fashionable with a tinted rock. With the most up to date innovation, you could buy a man-made colored ruby. With the breakthroughs that have been made, the majority of people can not tell the distinction in between an extracted ruby and also a man-made one. If you purchase or commission a manufactured ruby, you can choose whichever color you favor, as well as conserve numerous thousands of bucks in the meanwhile. Conversely, if you desire a colored rock yet do not need a diamond, emerald greens, sapphires, and rubies make wonderful alternatives for engagement rings and are far cheaper compared to extracted colored diamonds.

Eco-friendly engagement rings are also among the best engagement rings of 2018. With more people worried concerning the environment as well as about the human legal rights concerns that surround traditional ruby mining, more people are trying to find options to standard involvement rings. One possibility is to get an interaction ring that has a diamond that was mined in Canada as opposed to South Africa. Canada doesn't have the same human rights concerns focusing on its ruby market, so it's considered to be extra pleasant to the globe. Alternatively, purchasing a man-made diamond ring is also thought about to be extra "green" because not just does it not have the very same human civil liberties issues that mined rubies do, yet it does not damage the earth like mining for diamonds tends to do. Conversely, the most effective interaction rings of 2018 consist of antique involvement rings because the greenest involvement rings are those that are recycled and also recycled. By buying an involvement ring that is antique, you are not adding to the new diamond ring market or the devastation of the environment.

Channel set ruby rings are additionally on the checklist of finest engagement rings of 2018. Network set engagement rings have actually the rocks set within the band of the ring, so the top of the stone is even with the top of the ring. Channel set rings are particularly perfect since the rubies are shielded from being harmed due to the fact that you can not get to the stone to chip them. Much more preferred are network set diamond rings constructed out of platinum, which has actually lately expanded in popularity. If you intend to buy a ring that is much more unique, though, you could have a network set involvement ring set with stones besides diamonds. Sapphires are a specifically preferred choice for interaction rings.

1 ct wedding band

Phony Or Actual Diamond And Also Is This Right For You

Nome

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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