Marriage Rings online Palm Coast

For centuries in Palm Coast , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Palm Coast . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Palm Coast . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

wedding bands

Palm Coast How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

To begin our feature on different kinds of gemstones, we will begin with the very best as well as most popular gemstone of them all the diamond. The diamond is the best gemstone. It has really couple of weak points as well as several strengths. It glows with its amazing worth and also sentimental value. It is used in wedding celebration rings to stand for unlimited love or utilized as gifts/jewelry to be offered to enjoyed ones. Yet the diamond is so much greater than its everlasting appeal.

The diamond acquires its name from the Greek job adamas implying unsurpassable. In firmness, there is no contrast. The ruby rates in the Mohs scale a 10 which is the hardest compound on Earth. Its cutting resistance is 140 times that of the ruby and sapphire, the gems(Corundum) that are next in the Mohs scale in solidity. The diamond's optical buildings such as appeal and also rigidness make it special as well as conveniently differentiated from other replicas. Appreciate!

* Background of Diamonds

The initial tape-recorded diamond dates back around 800 B.C. in India. Some think it even went back 6,000 years ago. The diamonds were used as ornamental purposes and also as amulets to fend off wicked as well as offer security in battle. Throughout the Dark Ages, diamonds were even specified to be made use of as a clinical help. Religious medical professionals also informed clients that if they hold a ruby in a hand and make the sign of the cross would, it would certainly heal as well as health problem and heal injuries.

Rubies became a lot more prominent throughout the 19th century as a result of exploration of diamond down payments in South Africa. This discovery brings about increased supply, boosted reducing and brightening strategies, and growth in economic climate. In 1979, rock hounds located the Argyle pipeline in Australia which to this day is the wealthiest ruby down payment worldwide. Argyle, ever since, alone is in charge of providing over one third of the globe's rubies each year.

* Diamonds: How are they created?

Diamonds includes an allotrope of carbons that are created in high-pressure, high-temperature conditions. Diamonds are created 90 miles under the Planet's surface at temperature levels of about 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Diamonds are created deep within the earth and at some point, over extremely lengthy periods of time, push their means to the earth's surface, generally through volcanic eruptions.

The age of these diamonds from under the surface of the planet are from 1 to 3.3 billion years old! When diamonds are formed and also start their climb to the earth's surface area, they experience channels where the magma from the volcano climbs to the surface area, picking up rubies in the process as well as at some point depositing them on the surface area, where they are ultimately located as well as mined.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are 4 unique characteristics that identify the value and also top quality of a ruby. These are the color, cut, clarity and also carat. Or else recognized as the 4 C's of a diamond. In the adhering to, we will speak about these functions thoroughly.

* Color

In the last newsletter, we touch based on the color of gemstones as being one of the most important function because of that shade is one of the most noticeable feature. The best ruby ought to appear clear as well as colorless yet this is not the instance for all rubies. Diamonds could can be found in any color of the rainbow most usual shade is a shade of yellow or brownish. The Geological Institute of America(GIA) have actually designed a standard to grade diamond shade. This guideline contains a lettering system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see below:

D E F No Shade G H I J Nearly Colorless K L M Faintly tinted, cannot hardly be seen and also generally yellow in shade N O P Q R Lightly tinted, generally yellow. Could be seen with the naked eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, begins with yellow as well as progresses to brown

* Clarity

The cut a diamond is established by the ruby's percentage such as its shape, size and deepness. The cut identifies what is called the diamond's "radiance". Also if the diamond itself has perfect shade and clearness, with a bad cut the ruby will certainly have a boring luster. This is because the cut determines just how light trips within the diamond. The Gemological Institute of America has actually additionally developed a quality grading system to rate ruby clarity. This grading system includes Flawless (Fl), Internally Flawless (IF), Extremely Very Slightly Included (VV1 or VV2), Very Somewhat Included(VS1 or VS2), A Little Included(SI1 or SI2), and Consisted Of(I1, I2, and also I3). Although this system had actually been contributed to the ruby sector, it is not commonly used. This results from the reality that it took a great deal of method and also training to integrate it.

* Cut

The cut a diamond is determined by the diamond's proportion such as its shape, size and also deepness. The cut determines just what is called the diamond's "brilliance". Even if the diamond itself has best shade and also clearness, with a poor cut the diamond will have a plain brilliance. This is because the cut establishes just how light trips within the diamond.

There are 3 sorts of cuts that could establish the ruby's radiance. These are a shallow cut, a cut that is unfathomable and suitable cut. A shallow cut is a cut of a ruby that is too reduced, that light traveling via it is lost on the bottom of the stone and does not come back right into sight. This cut makes a diamond show up lifeless and also dull. A cut that is unfathomable is a cut that is as well high, that light traveling via it runs away with the sides and also dims the stone. A suitable cut is a perfect cut on a ruby that mirrors light to the top of the stone, giving it best radiance.

* Carat

As mentioned on the last e-newsletter, a single carat weight(ct) evaluates about 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller carat rubies that weigh less than a carat weight, it is shared as points (pt). Factors are 1/100 of a carat. Carat weight of a diamond is essential as a result of that larger diamonds are rarer compared to smaller sized ones, so essentially the larger the ruby the much more pricey it is. There is no conventional grading system or layout that can reveal different carat weight. This is since there are numerous variants of rubies fit and also cut, that makes rocks of similar weight, look different.

* Imitation Diamonds

Because rubies are one of the most valuable and also rarest of all the gemstones, efforts have been made to replicate or even enhance diamonds utilizing less costly alternatives. A whole lot of times, honest blunders have actually been made as well as these choices or various other gems such as spinel were in some cases perplexed with actual diamonds. In some cases, some deceitful individuals aim to market these choices to misfortunate purchasers in order to earnings. Listed below we will review about these choices and also methods to determine them.

* Synthetic Diamonds

Synthetic diamonds are rubies that are expanded made in a research laboratory. The initial recognized situations of diamond synthesis were claimed to be recorded in between 1879 - 1928, yet this was never verified. It wasn't up until the 1940's where research began in the United States, Sweden, Soviet Union began researching. Synthetic rubies are otherwise referred to as High Stress High Temperature (HPHT) rubies or Chemical Vapor Down Payment (CVD) diamonds. The name of both these artificial diamonds derives from the processes made use of to develop them. A few of these artificial rubies might either have better, lesser or similar attributes compared to that of a diamond. As a result, these artificial rubies are utilized for abrasives, cutting and also brightening tools, as well as switches in power plant.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond substances that are utilized to replicate the appearance or even the form of a diamond. The most standard and popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at ordinary sight can shimmer more than a diamond as well as it is much less thick, indicating that a 1 carat CZ will certainly be much bigger compared to a 1 carat ruby. Nowadays, a much more preferred simulant is moissanite, which has all the exact same features of a diamond. These attributes include solidity (Moissanite-9.25 and also diamond-10 in Mohs range), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 and ruby -2.42) as well as diffusion (Moissanite -.104 as well as ruby -.044). This makes it hard to separate the 2 at ordinary view as well as would certainly usually need testers to inform the distinction. In the next section we will certainly go over the best ways to recognize moissanites and other imitations.

* Actual or Counterfeit?

An old technique of identifying rubies is to do a scrape test. This needs scraping a ruby with one more ruby which is damaging as well as is hardly ever used nowadays. The ideal and most reliable way to test for rubies is to utilize testers that use thermal conductivity. These testers include battery powered thermistors installed with a retracting copper pointer. This tester functions by injecting the heat onto the examined stone and after that the device measures the amount of warm that it performs. Nevertheless thermal conductivity testers works best to differentiate diamonds and its other simulants, it will not aid distinguish laboratory developed or artificial stones. To be able to identify these, specific optical methods are required. Laboratories use strategies such as spectroscopy, microscopy and luminescence in order to figure out a particular stones origin. The average individual can use loupes and also microscopic lens to identify synthetic stones. All-natural diamonds normally have small flaws as well as problems such as inclusions or some sort of foreign material, which will certainly not be located in synthetics.

pear diamond solitaire

How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Palm Coast

Involvement rings are offered in a range of layouts, stones, cuts and shapes. Among all the types of rocks made use of in interaction rings, diamonds are the most priceless and ideal ones. Their shimmer absolutely has the ability to win a female's heart. There is an incredible collection of diamond engagement rings available in the market. Some of the rings are designer productions, which are created as per the customer's selection. They can additionally be called tailored diamond interaction rings. A few of the jewelers supply the consumers with the skill of seasoned developers to bring magic to the or else routine features and also forms.

Designer ruby engagement rings are not just developed according to the selection of client but likewise match their budget plan. These rings are budget friendly, as contrasted to the other diamond engagement rings. The customers can choose their very own ring setups and match the rubies, to produce an unique item of precious jewelry for enjoyed ones. Many of the designer ruby involvement rings are made in white gold, yellow gold as well as platinum. Besides the setups and also ruby choice, there are a variety of various other details that play a crucial function in creating a ring. Besides choosing a certain style, it is essential for the purchasers to maintain in mind the different mixes of layouts. The size, density and also precise size of the rings are also crucial as well as must be thought about while designing a diamond involvement ring. A lot of these rings take around 6 to 8 weeks to be made.

Developer diamond interaction rings are great choices, as compared to the readymade rings quickly available. These rings provide more satisfaction to the buyers and also are unique, owing to the personal touch. They give the purchaser to work with the design and also selection of stone as well as individualize the development.

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3 Emerald Cut Diamond Ring online Florida

18k Gold Diamond Earrings online Palm Coast

For centuries in Palm Coast , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Palm Coast . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Palm Coast . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

affordable engagement rings

Palm Coast How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Not all sellers give diamond grading laboratory reports (aka diamond top quality records) to their customers. So my general suggestions to you is to keep your loan in your pocket when taking care of such jewelry experts.

Only purchase a diamond interaction ring if it has the initial ruby quality record.

A lab report is an independent analysis of the 4Cs of a loosened diamond as well as consists of an outlined layout of the rock's clarity qualities and a graphic representation of the rock's proportions. Having such a record allows you to contrast diamonds of various high qualities and also eventually aids you make a more informed getting decision.

A seller could reduce edges and not offer a lab report or an unscrupulous seller could supply a phony one as a result of the moment, trouble and expenditure he'll bear to obtaining a rock rated.

Yeah - there is a rate for rating a diamond (though that expense is at some point paid by the consumer), plus the delivery and also insurance policy costs for sending out the diamond to the laboratory. As well as allow us not forget the opportunity price of a jeweler not having the ruby in his shop for sale for a couple of weeks while the grading occurs.

Nevertheless, a diamond grading record may additionally not be available due to the fact that the costs to obtaining one may affect too greatly on the final price of the ring. For instance, a 0.3 ct diamond ring setting you back $250 claim, might cost around $75 to be graded and also have the report number engraved on the band on the diamond. As you look for that ideal diamond interaction ring for your sweetheart, you'll find that there is a hodgepodge of labs declaring to offer trustworthy diamond rating reports. But I would just put my cash on ...

The Premier Ruby Grading Lab Reports

Yes, all diamond top quality reports are not created equal. Within the market, it is a consensus that the two premier laboratories are GIA-GTL (Gemological Institute of The U.S.A.'s Treasure Profession Lab) as well as the AGS (American Treasure Society Laboratories).

The GCAL (Gem Qualification as well as Assurance Lab) likewise uses very pertained to reports or "ruby certifications" as they are described by GCAL. The GIA has the toughest worldwide track record for independence as well as uniformity. As a result of their consistent color and clearness strictness guidelines, the world's largest and also most expensive diamonds have been sent there for grading years. In 2006, GIA-GTL included a two-dimensional cut grading system for round brilliant diamonds.

AGS makes use of the most strict cut requirements in the industry. It utilizes a three-dimensional light efficiency metric that can quality a number of ruby shapes. In fact, it is the only cut grading system that is recognized by the clinical community.

What is even more, its Diamond Quality Document uses an unique and also exclusive 0 to 10 grading system to evaluate the 4 Cs - a system which is easier to understand compared to GIA's grading system. As a matter of fact, AGS even goes the added step by relating their 0-10 rating range to other forms of rating. For example, the conventional VS1 diamond quality ranking is a 3 on the AGS Ruby Top Quality File.

Diamond Coverage - The Drawbacks

1. Diamond grading is not standard or regulated and also hence you may find tier 2 labs that utilize looser guidelines to the tier 1 grading laboratories mentioned over. If you purchase a ruby that has actually been graded by a rate 2 lab, you may finish up paying more for a minimal top quality diamond. So for instance, a diamond rated a "F" in color at a tier 2 laboratory may obtain a G, H, or lower shade score at an extra credible laboratory. The sector likewise discounts rubies graded by lower recognized laboratories by concerning 15-30% or more. So either you only acquire a diamond graded by a tier 1 lab or you accept that you may be getting a minimal quality diamond compared to what is specified on the record if that ruby is rated by a lower recognized laboratory.

2. Numerous huge chain shops have substantial agreements with lesser known laboratories with "softer" diamond grading standards. Some of these softer labs placed "suggested replacement worths" on the laboratory reports - values which are above just what stores means market the rubies for. So a salesperson in a store could state to you, "Take a look at the lot you are obtaining below. We are selling you this diamond interaction ring for $2500 however the record states that the recommended replacement worth is $4000." Wow - just what a bargain - NOT! This is why it is much better that you trust only independent tier 1 labs.

Likewise bear in mind that reliable ruby rating reports are not appraisals and do not provide appraisal numbers. Ruby assessments are frequently blatantly filled with air as well as are not something you'll wish to count on.

3. Diamond records are riddled with please notes that specify that absolutely nothing is "certified" or assured and that the labs are not accountable for errors. As a matter of fact, the GIA supplies a disclaimer of kinds on their site pertaining to using the word "certify." The site states:

"It is wrong to state that trainees, grads, their organisations, or specific gemstones are "accredited" by GIA. The Gemological Institute of America does not accredit anyone or anything. Neither a pupil nor a grad who has been awarded a certification or diploma, neither a treasure which has actually been graded or identified by GIA has been accredited by GIA".

So it is feasible that you the customer is left holding the bag ought to an inaccuracy in a record is later on uncovered. Courts have frequently ruled that sellers, not laboratories, are in charge of such errors. Why? Because the laboratories showed ahead of time that their reports couldn't be held liable.

Luckily, there are a couple methods to give on your own more buyer protection:

A. You could fly to India where jewelry experts supply a life time buyback plan to their clients. Too pricey to fly?

B. You can discover among the 20% people jewelry experts who sell completely adhered diamonds. These are diamonds that are offered with life time breakage, lifetime trade-in and life time buyback plans.

C. Not as good a treatment as acquiring a fully bonded ruby yet you might get a ruby that has a real "certification" and also not a report. "Licensed rubies do come with warranties" albeit for much shorter durations.

Qualification Some vendors describe a "ruby record" as a "qualified diamond" however practically this is not correct. From a legal standpoint, a ruby record is a simply a skilled viewpoint though in reality, aspects of a diamond grading record are not simply opinions.

For example, a diamond's carat (weight) can be accurately established as well as its cut quality by determining its optical efficiency or by describing a computer system model. A certification on the other hand is a declaration of fact - a file for which the company approves legal duty as well as will make restitution to the customer for mistakes.

Some leading ruby grading laboratories offer both reports and also certifications. AGS offers Diamond High quality Documents (non-certified records) as well as Ruby High quality Certificates. Diamond Top quality Certifications are prepared specifically for AGS retail jewelers as well as offers warranties from taking part American Gem Society participant stores.

GCAL accredits it's ruby grading also. Its 100% money-back assurance policy stands for a period of two years from the day on the relevant certificate. This plan guarantees the precision of the cut, color and quality qualities as well as the carat weight.

A report or certificate need to will certainly have a number on it that could or might not be inscribed on a ruby. You will certainly be able to enter that number on the website of the accrediting lab to check a report's credibility.

Elements Of A Diamond Grading Report Diamond rating records are always developing however specific component needs to stay the very same. For example, the:

The Report #. This number is provided and also videotaped in a laboratory's document as well as might or may not be engraved on a diamond's girdle. You can get in the record number on a rating lab's site to inspect the credibility of the ruby quality record or to obtain more information concerning the ruby. Shape & Facet Design: This is the synopsis and the reducing style made use of for the element setup. There are 3 fundamental element styles - "fantastic cut, step cut and blended reducing design" and 12 fundamental shapes that include notables such as rounded dazzling and princess cut" diamonds.

Dimensions: This describes dimension (not weight) of a ruby. Dimension includes dimensions such as size, size, weight and also size. A dimension is normally detailed to the hundredth of a millimeter. Dimensions play a substantial duty in exactly how a ruby glows.

Carat Weight: The weight of a diamond is measured to the hundredth of a carat weight and some also supply such measure to the thousandth of a carat weight (1.123 ct.). Carat weight is one of the most objective as well as the easiest to understand of the 4Cs due to the fact that all one has to do is weight the stone. Color Grade: This informs you the level of shade absence in the ruby. The less shade the greater the quality.

Rubies are normally rated from D-Z; the closer to "D" the whiter the ruby. You need to never ever see ruby shade range such as (G-H, I-J-K, and so forth) on a diamond report. You must only see shade arrays on evaluations for stones that are mounted.

Quality Grade: Basically every ruby has actually interior flaws called additions and outside flaws called blemishes. A diamond is graded according to the dimension, kind, location and quantity of these problems.

Clearness qualities vary from Remarkable (FL) - Included. Labs use a couple professionals to quality the clearness of a diamond in order to generate an extra precise reading.

Cut Grade: Extra recent diamond reports consist of a cut grade for common round great rubies. Cut considers the radiance, fire as well as scintillation of the diamond. Cut grade varies from Outstanding - Poor.

Other aspects you could find on a ruby record consist of the gloss, balance, fluorescence and also percentage. Armed with this information, you are much better able to make an evaluation of the top quality of diamond that is placed in an interaction ring.

1 ct tw earrings

Clarity Improved Diamonds - Some Points You Need to Know!

Palm Coast

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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