Long Silver Pendant online Orange Springs

For centuries in Orange Springs , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Orange Springs . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Orange Springs . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

heart shaped wedding sets

Orange Springs How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Exactly how are diamond cut grades appointed?

This is where points begin to obtain complicated. The approaches made use of to quantitatively examine the quality of a cut vary. The means the GIA establishes what a diamond's cut quality need to be, for instance, varies in very specific methods from the method other certifiers like the AGS do it. Most of the times, these organizations don't disclose the exact details of the processes they utilize.

The shape of a ruby likewise makes a distinction with respect to exactly how its cut quality is figured out. Although there are some standard requirements that remain the exact same for any kind of kind of diamond, the exact approaches used to grade a round ruby's cut are various from those utilized to grade a heart-shaped ruby's cut.

The rest of this description will certainly concentrate on round diamonds, as this is by much one of the most usual diamond form. One of the factors impacting the cut quality of a rounded ruby is the number of elements it has. Aspects are the flat, defined locations externally of a ruby. The facets on round diamonds are usually triangular. Presently, it's thought that the perfect round ruby ought to have 33 elements on the crown (the area of the diamond that rests over the girdle, which itself is the best factor of the ruby) and also 25 on the structure (the lower, much longer section of the diamond). When there are flaws externally of the ruby, cutters could include additional facets in order to obscure them. This leads to a deterioration in the total quality of the cut.

While the facet matter is typically agreed upon as a great method of evaluating the high quality of a diamond cut, there are other factors on which gemologists often differ. Several of the other aspects made use of by some authorities to assist identify cut grades include the height of the ruby's crown, the depth of the pavilion, the size of the table (the top of the crown), as well as the angles of the crown and also structure.

The American Requirement benchmark for rounded rubies calls for a crown elevation of 16.2%, pavilion deepness of 43.1%, as well as table size of 53% of the complete band diameter. The Perfect Dazzling benchmark, however, requires 19.2% crown height, 40% structure depth, as well as 56.5% table diameter. While these distinctions might be challenging for novices to recognize, they are a good illustration of the difficulties related to producing a basic analysis of a ruby's cut.

Although there are some disputes as to the specific percentages that constitute the excellent diamond cut, for prospective ruby buyers, one of the most essential point to recognize is that diamond qualifications provided by companies like the AGS and also GIA are reliable as well as purposeful. Credible ruby vendors base the rates at which they deal diamonds on the cut as well as the remainder of the "4 Cs." When you purchase a diamond, you don't need to stress over the assumption of what makes an excellent diamond cut transforming so much that the value of your ruby will certainly be significantly impacted.

Which diamond cut grade represents the most effective worth?

Which kind of ruby is best for you mainly depends upon your budget plan. For purchasers that want to purchase them, vendors generally recommend rubies with the highest feasible cut qualities. Nevertheless, this may be due to some self-involvement on their component.

The other three Cs have an influence on ruby prices as well, so it can be challenging to determine the exact distinction in cost in between an Ideal or Outstanding cut diamond as well as an Excellent cut. For casual buyers as well as budget-conscious financiers alike, diamonds with an Excellent or Great cut quality can stand for a superb value. This is because, while they could be much more affordable than otherwise equal Suitable or Exceptional cut diamonds, the noticeable difference in high quality is marginal.

At the exact same time, do not hesitate to use your discretion. If, for example, you find a ruby with a Suitable reduced score which has excellent ratings in the other categories and also is still within your budget, after that you ought to certainly consider it, as long as you're taking care of a trusted vendor.

diamond rings

How Do You Know If The Diamond Is Fake Or Genuine Diamond?

Orange Springs

Rubies are normally offered in a really vast array of shades. Lots of people understand about colorless diamonds and GIA's shade grading system that is used to classify a ruby's body color ... you understand D, E, F, and so on. This shade grading system is only made use of to identify one of the most typical ruby body shade of yellow nevertheless anytime a diamond is discovered in another shade like pink, blue, green, etc.; then this diamond is described as a "" fancy diamond"".

All-natural Fancy diamonds could be really costly as well as often times a lot more costly than a similar size anemic ruby. An extremely good example of a Fancy ruby is the well known 45.52 carat weight expensive deep blue ruby, the Hope Diamond, which gets on display in the Smithsonian Natural Background Museum in Washington, DC.

A color boosted diamond is a 100% natural ruby that has had its shade altered. And also best of all, shade boosted diamonds come in a very large choice of shades at very economical costs!

A little bit of history- For many, several years it has been popular that a diamond's color might be "" boosted"" by placing a bit of colored material on the surface area of a diamond and similar to magic ... a ruby that had a noticeable yellowish color would alter to an extra eye-catching near anemic ruby. Sadly, this sort of color boosted ruby might change back to its initial body color if this tinted material was accidentally removed. In even more recent years, the innovation of shade improved diamonds has actually gone very advanced. It is now possible to totally alter the color of a diamond! These procedures are taken into consideration permanent since it does continue to be secure when subjected to daily regular problems. The color will certainly not discolor if revealed to sunlight or be cleaned off by severe chemicals.

Exactly how is it done? The preferred result of any of these treatments is to have a much more valuable ruby. A less valuable diamond would certainly be a ruby that has a low body color or sometimes a lower quality. The shade improved diamond treatment firms understand if they start with a certain sort of diamond and also procedure it for a certain amount of time that they ought to wind up with a specific color however it does not always function this way. This is a science that does call for some art in their procedures ... the only process that provides constant results is the finish procedure.

The three processes are as follows- Refine # 1- HPHT Color Boosted Diamonds- High Pressure/ High Temperature Level (HPHT) treatment can improve the color of certain sorts of brown rubies and thus increase their value. General Electric has developed a process that virtually is a mechanical simulation of a ruby's development in nature. The shade enhanced diamond will be warmed up to a very heat under a really high, maintained pressure. Faults in the crystal structure are then repositioned causing a change of the ruby's color. Due to the fact that the conditions of HPHT are very much like ruby's original formation, just a well furnished laboratory will be able to positively identify this type of color boosted diamond. HPHT wased initially utilized to transform yellow-colored diamonds into even more marketable fancy colored boosted rubies, and now it is also used to transform some undesirable brown rubies right into preferred colorless tinted enhanced rubies.

Process # 2- Irradiated Color Boosted Diamonds- OK ... do not begin getting all thrilled because you saw words irradiated! This is a 100% safe procedure that is very comparable to exactly what is used to protect food by exposing it to a stream of Gamma rays. The color enhanced diamond process is done in numerous various ways however the results are all the exact same. You begin with a reduced shade (P, Q, R, etc.) 100% all-natural diamond that has already been reduced and also polished, after that it is subjected to a stream of fast electrons. During this part of the process the diamond will certainly resort to a very dark shade since some of the atoms in the ruby's crystal structure have currently been disjointed and also this in turn has actually affected the way light passes with the diamond. Next the ruby undergoes a controlled heating (annealing) process, this allows a few of those atoms to relocate (partially fixed) in order to acquire a desired color.

Process # 3- Covered Color Improved Diamonds- The layer on polished diamonds describes a slim synthetic layer that alters the color of the diamond. The covering could either be of the wanted shade or can trigger a tinted interference-effect. Regrettably often this process is done to trick a customer. It is a reasonably simple procedure to do, it has actually been around for several years (although the coatings materials are better currently), and also it does not require a whole lot of expensive advanced devices. Lately, I've seen some pink covered diamonds on the marketplace, they are very appealing ... as well as naturally you would need to acquire them knowing that they have actually been layered and follow your jeweler's standards regarding possessing and also caring for these shade enhanced rubies. The finish can be put on the whole of a ruby's surface area, simply the base of the diamond, or to a slim zone near the girdle. A well-applied finishing can transform the color by one or even more color grade. Some layers could be eliminated through boiling in acid, strong cleaning remedies, or also household chemicals. Occasionally dots or larger locations of purple or blue ink are paintinged on the diamond in order to help combat a yellow-colored shade. The ruby's setting will generally cover the dots, so they are difficult to see in an installed rock.

So, is a color enhanced diamond right for you? Possibly ... natural elegant shade diamonds can be beautiful yet they are costly! Color enhanced diamonds are economical and also permit many individuals to own a vibrantly colored ruby. Ask your local jeweler if they have any kind of Fancy rubies ... either natural or color improved rubies. It is always intriguing, and also enjoyable, to consider something different!

Under regular wear the irradiated as well as HPHT color enhanced rubies will have no worry of the color fading away. The only consideration will certainly be when you require to have any kind of type of service done on the item of jewelry. If this type of shade boosted diamond is revealed to extreme quantities of warm it might affect the shade. The jewelry expert will should understand that the diamond is a shade boosted diamond prior to any work is done as well as then the jeweler will be able to select the very best strategy. Color improved diamonds are now additionally made use of as the tiny accent diamonds around a larger colorless diamond. There are several interesting pieces of precious jewelry readily available with small blue, yellow, black, or environment-friendly shade boosted rubies.

Currently that you learn about color improved diamonds as well as someone tries to market you on what they call a natural expensive colored ruby but it is at a super deal price ... you will know that something simply does not appear appropriate about the deal. A record from a highly regarded grading laboratory should come with natural Fancy colored rubies that are marketed as natural. If you manage a reliable business and also you have been comforted concerning just what you are acquiring, then you will certainly lessen the possibility of something negative taking place to you. Similar to any kind of circumstance entailing a pricey acquisition of something that very few people are well versed in, education should be an essential component of your strategy. This is much more important if you plan to acquire a shade improved diamond. Bud Boland has actually been in the jewelry business for 40 years as well as has done whatever from watchmaking, diamond setting, fashion jewelry production, as well as has been a Gemologist for virtually 35 years. He is a Graduate Jeweler from GIA (Gemological Institute of The U.S.A.), which is likewise the location where he was an Instructor. He has actually taught concerning diamonds to numerous trainees from all over the globe

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3 Emerald Cut Diamond Ring online Florida

2 Karat Diamond Stud Earrings online Orange Springs

For centuries in Orange Springs , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Orange Springs . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Orange Springs . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

white gold tennis bracelet

Orange Springs How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

To start our feature on different sorts of gemstones, we will begin with the very best and also most well recognized gemstone of them all the diamond. The ruby is the ultimate gemstone. It has few weak points as well as lots of staminas. It shines with its amazing value as well as sentimental worth. It is made use of in wedding celebration rings to stand for countless love or utilized as gifts/jewelry to be provided to liked ones. But the ruby is a lot even more than its eternal appeal.

The diamond obtains its name from the Greek job adamas implying unsurpassable. In hardness, there is no contrast. The diamond prices in the Mohs scale a 10 which is the hardest substance in the world. Its reducing resistance is 140 times that of the ruby and also sapphire, the gems(Corundum) that are following in the Mohs range in solidity. The ruby's optical residential or commercial properties such as radiance and also rigidity make it distinct and conveniently distinguished from other imitations. Appreciate!

* Background of Diamonds

The very first videotaped diamond go back around 800 B.C. in India. Some believe it even went back 6,000 years back. The rubies were made use of as ornamental objectives as well as as talismans to fend off wicked as well as offer protection in battle. During the Dark Ages, diamonds were even mentioned to be used as a clinical help. Religious physicians also informed individuals that if they hold a diamond in a hand and make the sign of the cross would, it would certainly treat as well as health problem and also heal wounds.

Diamonds ended up being extra prominent during the 19th century due to discovery of ruby deposits in South Africa. This exploration leads to increased supply, enhanced cutting and also brightening strategies, and growth in economic climate. In 1979, rock hounds found the Argyle pipe in Australia which to this date is the richest ruby down payment worldwide. Argyle, since after that, alone is in charge of supplying over one third of the world's diamonds each year.

* Diamonds: How are they developed?

Rubies consists of an allotrope of carbons that are developed in high-pressure, high-temperature problems. Diamonds are generated 90 miles under the Planet's surface at temperatures of about 2200 levels Fahrenheit. Diamonds are created deep within the planet as well as eventually, over very extended periods of time, press their way to the planet's surface, generally via volcanic eruptions.

The age of these rubies from below the surface area of the earth are from 1 to 3.3 billion years of ages! When rubies are formed as well as start their climb to the earth's surface area, they experience channels where the magma from the volcano rises to the surface, grabbing rubies along the method as well as ultimately depositing them on the surface area, where they are eventually discovered as well as extracted.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are 4 unique attributes that figure out the worth as well as top quality of a ruby. These are the color, cut, clearness and carat weight. Or else called the 4 C's of a ruby. In the adhering to, we will certainly talk about these functions thoroughly.

* Color

In the last newsletter, we touch based on the shade of gemstones as being the most vital attribute as a result of the reality that color is one of the most noticeable function. The excellent ruby should show up clear and colorless however this is not the case for all rubies. Diamonds could be available in any type of shade of the rainbow most usual shade is a shade of yellow or brownish. The Geological Institute of The U.S.A.(GIA) have designed a standard to grade ruby color. This standard includes a text system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see below:

D E F No Shade G H I J Virtually Anemic K L M Faintly tinted, can not rarely be seen as well as usually yellow in color N O P Q R Gently tinted, usually yellow. Can be seen with the nude eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, begins from yellow and also advances to brownish

* Clarity

The cut a diamond is figured out by the diamond's percentage such as its form, width and deepness. The cut identifies just what is called the ruby's "luster". Even if the ruby itself has ideal shade and quality, with a bad cut the diamond will certainly have a boring brilliance. This is because the cut establishes just how light travels within the diamond. The Gemological Institute of The U.S.A. has actually also designed a clearness grading system to rank diamond clearness. This grading system includes Flawless (Fl), Inside Remarkable (IF), Very Very A Little Consisted Of (VV1 or VV2), Very A Little Consisted Of(VS1 or VS2), Somewhat Included(SI1 or SI2), and Consisted Of(I1, I2, and also I3). Although this system had been added to the ruby sector, it is not commonly made use of. This is due to that it took a whole lot of technique and also training to incorporate it.

* Cut

The cut a diamond is identified by the diamond's percentage such as its form, width and also depth. The cut identifies what is called the diamond's "brilliance". Also if the ruby itself has excellent shade and quality, with a poor cut the diamond will certainly have a boring radiance. This is because the cut determines how light trips within the ruby.

There are 3 kinds of cuts that could determine the diamond's radiance. These are a shallow cut, a cut that is unfathomable and also ideal cut. A superficial cut is a cut of a diamond that is also reduced, that light traveling through it is lost under of the stone and does not return into view. This cut makes a diamond show up drab and dull. A cut that is as well deep is a cut that is expensive, that light traveling via it gets away with the sides and also dims the stone. An ideal cut is a perfect cut on a ruby that shows light to the top of the rock, giving it ideal brilliance.

* Carat

As stated on the last e-newsletter, a solitary carat(ct) weighs about 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller carat weight diamonds that weigh much less than a carat weight, it is expressed as factors (pt). Factors are 1/100 of a carat weight. Carat weight of a diamond is crucial due to the reality that bigger diamonds are rarer compared to smaller sized ones, so essentially the larger the ruby the much more pricey it is. There is no common grading system or layout that can reveal various carat weight. This is because there are numerous variants of diamonds fit and also cut, makings stones of similar weight, look various.

* Replica Diamonds

Because rubies are the most important and rarest of all the gemstones, initiatives have actually been made to replicate or also boost diamonds utilizing cheaper alternatives. A great deal of times, sincere blunders have actually been made as well as these alternatives or various other gemstones such as spinel were often puzzled with genuine rubies. In many cases, some unethical people attempt to sell these alternatives to misfortunate customers in order to revenue. Below we will discuss concerning these options as well as methods to identify them.

* Artificial Diamonds

Synthetic diamonds are rubies that are expanded manufactured in a laboratory. The very first known situations of ruby synthesis were claimed to be recorded between 1879 - 1928, but this was never confirmed. It had not been till the 1940's where research study started in the United States, Sweden, Soviet Union started investigating. Artificial diamonds are otherwise called High Stress Heat (HPHT) rubies or Chemical Vapor Down Payment (CVD) diamonds. The name of both these artificial diamonds acquires from the processes utilized to produce them. Some of these artificial diamonds might either have greater, lesser or similar characteristics than that of a diamond. Consequently, these synthetic diamonds are used for abrasives, cutting and also brightening tools, and switches in power plant.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond compounds that are utilized to replicate the appearance and even the shape of a ruby. The most basic and popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at ordinary view could glimmer greater than a diamond and it is less dense, suggesting that a 1 carat weight CZ will certainly be much larger than a 1 carat ruby. Nowadays, a more popular simulant is moissanite, which has just the same features of a ruby. These features include firmness (Moissanite-9.25 as well as diamond-10 in Mohs scale), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 and ruby -2.42) and dispersion (Moissanite -.104 as well as ruby -.044). This makes it hard to distinguish the 2 at simple sight and also would certainly often need testers to tell the difference. In the following section we will go over ways to identify moissanites and various other replicas.

* Actual or Phony?

An old approach of recognizing diamonds is to do a scrape test. This calls for scratching a diamond with one more ruby which is destructive as well as is hardly ever used nowadays. The most effective as well as most trustworthy means to examine for diamonds is to use testers that make use of thermal conductivity. These testers include battery powered thermistors mounted with a retractable copper pointer. This tester functions by injecting the warm into the evaluated rock and afterwards the tool measures the quantity of warm that it conducts. Nevertheless thermal conductivity testers works best to identify diamonds as well as its other simulants, it will certainly not assist differentiate lab developed or artificial rocks. To be able to identify these, specific optical techniques are needed. Laboratories utilize strategies such as spectroscopy, microscopy and luminescence in order to figure out a particular rocks beginning. The typical individual could use loupes and also microscopic lens to identify synthetic stones. All-natural rubies typically have minor blemishes and also flaws such as additions or some sort of international product, which will certainly not be found in synthetics.

round engagement rings

The Big 4 Cs For Loose Diamonds

Orange Springs

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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