You have finally reached the point in your relationship in Nalcrest where you are ready to make a lifetime commitment. It does not matter whether you have been planning the special day for months or just a couple of days. The story of how you proposed and how beautiful the diamond engagement ring or wedding ring was will go on for months. As such, before heading to the jewelry store to buy this precious bond of diamond, it helps to know that you are making the best choice. Here is what to look for when seeking precious diamonds for wedding rings or engagement rings:
Understand the 4 C’s
These are the globally accepted standards for describing diamonds. The 4C’s include:
(i) Diamond color
Diamonds come from range D (colorless) to range Z (Strong yellow tint). With colorless diamonds being most expensive, they are also the most durable. When looking for precious diamonds, take the diamond outside to see its natural light. This will give you a better, sense of its color as opposed to viewing it under a day lamp. Remember, there are also jewelers who use lighting that makes the diamonds brighter than it really is. Diamonds have different prices depending on their color.
(ii) Diamond Carat
The carat relates to the weight of the diamond. The prices of diamond also vary depending on their weight. If you are looking to still save money for the big day, opt for an impressive number of diamond carats that is closest to your budget
(iii) Diamond clarity
Diamonds have clarity that ranges from flawless to heavy. With only a few of the world’s diamonds being flawless, the rest have characteristics of clarity that they adopted during their formation. Reducing your diamond’s clarity is the best saving technique.
(iv) Diamond cut
The cut is the most important element of diamonds for wedding rings and engagement rings. While shape may refer to round, priceless, cushion or pear, the cut simply showcases the crafting of the diamond from its rough state. The scale grade for diamonds ranges from excellent to very good all the way down to poor. Only disappointed in the long run.
Consider the diamond certificate
It is best to ensure that the diamonds you choose for your wedding ring or engagement ring has been verified by an independent third party. The certificate simply tells you that the 4 C’s are up to standard. Although it is possible to purchase a diamond that has not been certified, the risk is that the color may not be exactly what the jeweler tells you.
Go for suitable ring style
Different shapes of diamonds will compliment your hand in unique ways . For instance, a diamond that is mounted will make your finger appear slimmer. On the other hand, three stone rings are often better suited for shorter fingers. Not all styles will suit your hand. Therefore in Nalcrest , determine what works best for you and your partner.
Know the various types of diamond flaws.
To avoid making a wrong buying decision, it is important to know all the flaws that diamond wedding bands and engagement rings may present. Avoid diamonds that have a rough unpolished surface, any indentation on a flat surface or are irregular shaped. Internal flaws also include a small opening on the surface, inclusions and diamond with a crystal within it.
Getting the right diamond rings in Nalcrest is certainly a breathtaking experience. With the right pick, both you and your partner can enjoy its brilliance and shine many years to come. When seeking diamonds, have an idea of your budget to determine the quality of diamond in your range and try on as many rings as you to ensure you know what you like. Shop wisely.
Nalcrest How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond
To start our feature on different types of gems, we will certainly begin with the most effective and also most well known gemstone of them all the ruby. The diamond is the utmost gemstone. It has extremely few weak points and many toughness. It glows with its extraordinary value and also nostalgic worth. It is made use of in wedding event rings to stand for unlimited love or made use of as gifts/jewelry to be offered to liked ones. However the diamond is a lot even more compared to its timeless charm.
The diamond obtains its name from the Greek work adamas meaning irresistible. In solidity, there is no contrast. The ruby prices in the Mohs range a 10 which is the hardest substance in the world. Its cutting resistance is 140 times that of the ruby and also sapphire, the gems(Corundum) that are following in the Mohs range in firmness. The ruby's optical residential or commercial properties such as luster as well as rigidity make it distinct and also quickly differentiated from various other imitations. Delight in!
* History of Diamonds
The first videotaped diamond go back around 800 B.C. in India. Some think it even went back 6,000 years earlier. The diamonds were utilized as decorative purposes and as talismans to fend off evil and also give security in battle. During the Dark Ages, rubies were even stated to be used as a clinical aid. Spiritual doctors also told people that if they hold a diamond in a hand and make the indicator of the cross would, it would treat and also health problem and also recover injuries.
Rubies came to be a lot more prominent during the 19th century because of exploration of ruby deposits in South Africa. This exploration causes raised supply, improved cutting and also brightening methods, and development in economic climate. In 1979, geologists found the Argyle pipe in Australia which to this day is the richest diamond down payment worldwide. Argyle, considering that after that, alone is accountable for providing over one third of the world's rubies yearly.
* Diamonds: Just how are they created?
Diamonds consists of an allotrope of carbons that are formed in high-pressure, high-temperature conditions. Diamonds are generated 90 miles under the Earth's surface at temperatures of concerning 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Rubies are developed deep within the earth as well as eventually, over exceptionally lengthy durations of time, press their way to the earth's surface, normally through volcanic eruptions.
The age of these rubies from underneath the surface area of the planet are from 1 to 3.3 billion years of ages! When rubies are developed as well as start their climb to the earth's surface area, they go through channels where the lava from the volcano climbs to the surface, selecting up rubies in the process and also eventually depositing them on the surface area, where they are ultimately located as well as mined.
* The 4 C's of Diamonds
There are 4 unique qualities that determine the worth and top quality of a diamond. These are the color, cut, clearness and also carat weight. Or else called the 4 C's of a diamond. In the complying with, we will certainly speak about these features in detail.
In the last e-newsletter, we touch based on the shade of gemstones as being the most important attribute as a result of the truth that color is the most apparent function. The perfect diamond should appear clear as well as colorless yet this is not the instance for all rubies. Diamonds could come in any kind of color of the rainbow most typical color is a color of yellow or brownish. The Geological Institute of The U.S.A.(GIA) have actually developed a guideline to grade ruby color. This guideline is composed of a text system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see below:
D E F No Color G H I J Almost Colorless K L M Faintly tinted, can not hardly be seen as well as typically yellow in shade N O P Q R Lightly tinted, usually yellow. Could be seen with the nude eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, starts from yellow and also proceeds to brown
The cut a diamond is identified by the ruby's percentage such as its form, size and also deepness. The cut determines what is called the diamond's "brilliance". Even if the ruby itself has excellent color and clarity, with a bad cut the ruby will certainly have a dull brilliance. This is because the cut figures out how light journeys within the ruby. The Gemological Institute of America has likewise devised a clarity grading system to rate ruby clarity. This grading system consists of Remarkable (Fl), Internally Perfect (IF), Very Very Slightly Consisted Of (VV1 or VV2), Very Slightly Consisted Of(VS1 or VS2), Slightly Included(SI1 or SI2), as well as Consisted Of(I1, I2, and I3). Although this system had actually been contributed to the diamond industry, it is not extensively made use of. This is due to the reality that it took a lot of method and also training to integrate it.
The cut a ruby is established by the diamond's proportion such as its shape, size and depth. The cut identifies what is called the diamond's "brilliance". Even if the ruby itself has best shade and clarity, with an inadequate cut the ruby will have a dull luster. This is due to the fact that the cut determines just how light journeys within the ruby.
There are 3 sorts of cuts that can identify the diamond's sparkle. These are a shallow cut, a cut that is unfathomable and optimal cut. A superficial cut is a cut of a diamond that is also reduced, that light traveling via it is shed on the bottom of the rock and also does not return into sight. This cut makes a ruby appear lifeless as well as dull. A cut that is too deep is a cut that is too expensive, that light traveling with it runs away with the sides and also darkens the rock. A suitable cut is an excellent cut on a diamond that shows light to the top of the stone, providing it excellent brilliance.
As stated on the last e-newsletter, a solitary carat(ct) evaluates regarding 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller carat diamonds that consider much less compared to a carat, it is revealed as factors (pt). Points are 1/100 of a carat weight. Carat weight of a ruby is very important because of the reality that bigger diamonds are rarer compared to smaller sized ones, so essentially the larger the ruby the much more costly it is. There is no typical grading system or layout that could show different carat weight. This is due to the fact that there are numerous variations of diamonds in form as well as cut, which makes rocks of similar weight, look various.
* Imitation Diamonds
Given that diamonds are the most valuable as well as rarest of all the gemstones, initiatives have been made to duplicate or even enhance rubies making use of more economical alternatives. A great deal of times, truthful mistakes have actually been made and also these options or other gems such as spinel were often confused with real rubies. Sometimes, some dishonest individuals try to sell these options to misfortunate customers in order to revenue. Listed below we will certainly review concerning these choices and also means to determine them.
* Synthetic Diamonds
Artificial diamonds are rubies that are grown made in a laboratory. The first known situations of ruby synthesis were claimed to be documented between 1879 - 1928, but this was never confirmed. It had not been up until the 1940's where study began in the USA, Sweden, Soviet Union began looking into. Artificial rubies are or else called High Stress High Temperature Level (HPHT) rubies or Chemical Vapor Deposit (CVD) diamonds. The name of both these synthetic diamonds obtains from the procedures made use of to produce them. A few of these artificial rubies can either have higher, lesser or similar qualities compared to that of a diamond. Therefore, these artificial rubies are made use of for abrasives, reducing and polishing tools, as well as switches in power plant.
Simulants are non-diamond substances that are utilized to reproduce the look as well as the form of a ruby. The most basic as well as popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at simple sight could shimmer greater than a ruby and it is less dense, indicating that a 1 carat CZ will be a lot larger compared to a 1 carat ruby. Nowadays, an extra popular simulant is moissanite, which has all the very same features of a diamond. These characteristics include firmness (Moissanite-9.25 and also diamond-10 in Mohs scale), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 and also ruby -2.42) and also diffusion (Moissanite -.104 and also ruby -.044). This makes it hard to distinguish both at simple sight as well as would often require testers to tell the distinction. In the next section we will certainly talk about ways to identify moissanites as well as other imitations.
* Actual or Phony?
An old approach of recognizing diamonds is to do a scratch test. This requires damaging a diamond with one more ruby which is devastating and also is seldom used nowadays. The most effective and also most reliable way to evaluate for diamonds is to use testers that make use of thermal conductivity. These testers contain battery powered thermistors placed with a retracting copper tip. This tester works by infusing the warm onto the examined stone then the tool determines the quantity of heat that it carries out. Nevertheless thermal conductivity testers works best to differentiate diamonds as well as its other simulants, it will certainly not help identify lab created or synthetic stones. To be able to determine these, specific optical methods are required. Laboratories make use of methods such as spectroscopy, microscopy and luminescence in order to determine a particular stones beginning. The average person could utilize loupes and also microscopes to identify artificial stones. Natural diamonds usually have minor imperfections as well as problems such as inclusions or some kind of international material, which will not be found in synthetics.
Just how Do You Know If The Ruby Is Fake Or Actual Ruby?
In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.
FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT
People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.
A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.
FACTOR 2: SHAPE
Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.
There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.
While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.
Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.
FACTOR 3: CUT
"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.
FACTOR 4: CLARITY
Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.
There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.
FACTOR 5: COLOUR
The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.
Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.
Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.
FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE
Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.
However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.
Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.
FACTOR 7: GRADER
This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.
The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.
EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.
Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.
SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND
You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.
If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.