Diamond Eternity Rings online Fernandina Beach

For centuries in Fernandina Beach , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Fernandina Beach . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Fernandina Beach . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

marriage rings

Fernandina Beach How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Diamonds are naturally available in a very wide variety of colors. Most individuals understand about anemic rubies and GIA's color grading system that is utilized to identify a ruby's body color ... you understand D, E, F, and so on. This shade grading system is just used to identify one of the most common diamond body color of yellow however anytime a diamond is discovered in another color like pink, blue, green, etc.; after that this ruby is referred to as a "" expensive diamond"".

Natural Fancy diamonds could be really expensive and lot of times much more pricey compared to a comparable dimension colorless diamond. An excellent instance of a Fancy diamond is the infamous 45.52 carat fancy deep blue ruby, the Hope Diamond, which is on display screen in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington, DC.

A color improved diamond is a 100% all-natural diamond that has actually had its shade transformed. And also most importantly, color enhanced rubies been available in a very broad option of shades at extremely inexpensive costs!

A little bit of history- For several, years it has actually been well recognized that a diamond's shade could be "" improved"" by putting a little bit of tinted compound externally of a ruby and also much like magic ... a ruby that had a visible yellowish color would certainly change to a much more appealing near anemic diamond. However, this kind of shade enhanced ruby might transform back to its initial body color if this tinted compound was inadvertently eliminated. In even more current years, the innovation of shade improved diamonds has actually gone exceptionally advanced. It is now possible to completely transform the shade of a ruby! These processes are considered long-term because it does continue to be stable when subjected to everyday normal conditions. The color will certainly not fade if exposed to sunlight or be washed off by harsh chemicals.

Exactly how is it done? The preferred end result of any of these therapies is to have an extra valuable ruby. A less marketable ruby would certainly be a ruby that has a reduced body color or in some cases a reduced clearness. The color enhanced diamond treatment firms know if they start off with a certain kind of diamond and also procedure it for a certain amount of time that they must finish up with a certain shade but it does not constantly function that way. This is a science that does require some art in their processes ... the only procedure that gives constant outcomes is the coating procedure.

The three processes are as adheres to- Process # 1- HPHT Shade Improved Diamonds- High Stress/ Heat (HPHT) therapy can enhance the shade of certain sorts of brown rubies and also therefore enhance their value. General Electric has actually developed a process that practically is a mechanical simulation of a ruby's production in nature. The shade improved diamond will certainly be warmed up to an extremely heat under a very high, stabilized pressure. Faults in the crystal framework are then repositioned leading to a modification of the diamond's color. Due to the fact that the conditions of HPHT are really similar to diamond's original development, only a well equipped laboratory will certainly have the ability to favorably recognize this kind of shade enhanced diamond. HPHT was first utilized to transform yellow-colored rubies into even more marketable fancy colored enhanced diamonds, and now it is additionally used to transform some undesirable brown rubies into more preferable colorless tinted improved rubies.

Process # 2- Irradiated Shade Enhanced Diamonds- OK ... do not start obtaining all delighted due to the fact that you saw the word irradiated! This is a 100% safe process that is really comparable to just what is made use of to protect food by exposing it to a stream of Gamma rays. The color enhanced diamond process is performed in numerous various methods but the results are just the same. You begin with a low color (P, Q, R, and so on) 100% natural diamond that has actually currently been cut as well as polished, after that it is subjected to a stream of quick electrons. During this component of the process the ruby will certainly rely on a very dark color since some of the atoms in the diamond's crystal structure have now been disjointed and this in turn has actually impacted the way light travel through the ruby. Next the ruby experiences a controlled home heating (annealing) process, this allows several of those atoms to transfer (partially fixed) in order to get a preferred shade.

Refine # 3- Covered Shade Improved Diamonds- The layer on refined rubies refers to a thin synthetic layer that changes the shade of the ruby. The coating can either be of the preferred color or could trigger a tinted interference-effect. Regrettably often this process is done to deceive a customer. It is a fairly simple procedure to execute, it has actually been around for several years (although the coverings materials are far better now), and it does not require a lot of expensive high technology tools. Just recently, I've seen some pink layered rubies on the market, they are extremely eye-catching ... and of course you would certainly have to purchase them recognizing that they have actually been covered and follow your jeweler's guidelines about having as well as caring for these color enhanced diamonds. The coating could be put on the whole of a ruby's surface area, just all-time low of the diamond, or to a slim zone near the band. A well-applied coating can change the shade by one or more shade grade. Some finishings could be eliminated with boiling in acid, strong cleaning solutions, or also family chemicals. Often dots or bigger areas of purple or blue ink are painted on the diamond in order to help counteract a yellowish color. The ruby's setup will typically cover the dots, so they are tough to see in a mounted rock.

So, is a color enhanced ruby right for you? Possibly ... all-natural fancy shade diamonds could be stunning yet they are costly! Shade enhanced rubies are economical and also enable many individuals to have a brightly colored ruby. Ask your local jeweler if they have any Fancy rubies ... either natural or color improved rubies. It is constantly interesting, and also fun, to check out something various!

Under normal wear the irradiated and also HPHT color improved rubies will certainly have no issues of the color fading away. The only consideration will certainly be when you have to have any type of kind of service done on the piece of fashion jewelry. If this kind of color improved diamond is subjected to excessive quantities of warmth it could affect the color. The jeweler will certainly should recognize that the diamond is a shade enhanced diamond before any type of work is done then the jewelry expert will certainly be able to pick the ideal strategy. Color boosted diamonds are currently additionally made use of as the tiny accent rubies around a larger anemic diamond. There are many amazing pieces of fashion jewelry readily available with tiny blue, yellow, black, or environment-friendly color improved rubies.

Since you understand concerning shade enhanced rubies and also a person attempts to offer you on exactly what they call an all-natural expensive colored diamond but it is at a super deal price ... you will certainly understand that something just does not sound right concerning the offer. A report from a reputable grading lab must accompany 100% natural Fancy tinted diamonds that are marketed as natural. If you handle a respectable firm and also you have actually been comforted regarding exactly what you are buying, after that you will certainly lessen the opportunity of something poor taking place to you. Similar to any type of situation entailing a pricey purchase of something that not lots of individuals are well versed in, education and learning ought to be an important part of your strategy. This is a lot more crucial if you plan to purchase a color boosted ruby. Bud Boland has actually been in the jewelry service for 40 years as well as has done everything from watchmaking, ruby setup, fashion jewelry making, as well as has actually been a Gemologist for almost 35 years. He is a Grad Jeweler from GIA (Gemological Institute of America), which is also the location where he was a Teacher. He has actually taught about diamonds to thousands of students from all around the world

white gold diamond necklace

Fake Or Real Ruby And Is This Right For You

Fernandina Beach

To begin our feature on different kinds of gemstones, we will start with the ideal and most well understood gemstone of them all the ruby. The diamond is the best gems. It has few weak points and also lots of toughness. It shines with its amazing value and also nostalgic value. It is made use of in wedding rings to stand for limitless love or utilized as gifts/jewelry to be offered to loved ones. But the ruby is a lot greater than its infinite beauty.

The ruby derives its name from the Greek job adamas meaning irresistible. In hardness, there is no contrast. The diamond prices in the Mohs scale a 10 which is the hardest substance in the world. Its reducing resistance is 140 times that of the ruby as well as sapphire, the gems(Diamond) that are next in the Mohs scale in firmness. The diamond's optical residential properties such as radiance and also inflexibility make it unique and also conveniently differentiated from other replicas. Enjoy!

* Background of Diamonds

The very first videotaped diamond dates back around 800 B.C. in India. Some believe it even dated back 6,000 years back. The rubies were used as ornamental functions and also as amulets to fend off bad and provide defense in battle. During the Dark Ages, rubies were also specified to be made use of as a clinical help. Spiritual medical professionals even informed people that if they hold a ruby in a hand and make the indication of the cross would, it would treat and also disease as well as heal wounds.

Diamonds came to be much more popular during the 19th century as a result of discovery of diamond down payments in South Africa. This discovery leads to raised supply, enhanced cutting and also polishing techniques, as well as growth in economic climate. In 1979, geologists found the Argyle pipeline in Australia which to this day is the richest diamond down payment on the planet. Argyle, ever since, alone is liable for supplying over one third of the globe's diamonds yearly.

* Diamonds: How are they developed?

Diamonds is composed of an allotrope of carbons that are formed in high-pressure, high-temperature problems. Diamonds are generated 90 miles under the Earth's surface area at temperatures of concerning 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Rubies are developed deep within the planet as well as at some point, over incredibly extended periods of time, press their method to the planet's surface, typically through volcanic eruptions.

The age of these rubies from underneath the surface area of the earth are from 1 to 3.3 billion years of ages! When diamonds are formed and begin their climb to the earth's surface, they undergo networks where the lava from the volcano rises to the surface area, selecting up rubies along the way as well as ultimately depositing them on the surface area, where they are eventually located and also extracted.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are 4 unique features that establish the value and high quality of a ruby. These are the shade, cut, clarity and also carat. Or else referred to as the 4 C's of a ruby. In the adhering to, we will speak about these attributes in information.

* Shade

In the last e-newsletter, we touch based on the color of gems as being the most important attribute as a result of the reality that shade is the most apparent feature. The perfect ruby should appear clear and also anemic however this is not the situation for all diamonds. Rubies can can be found in any type of color of the rainbow most typical shade is a color of yellow or brown. The Geological Institute of America(GIA) have actually devised a guideline to grade ruby shade. This standard includes a lettering system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see below:

D E F No Color G H I J Nearly Anemic K L M Faintly colored, can't rarely be seen and usually yellow in shade N O P Q R Lightly tinted, usually yellow. Can be seen with the naked eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, starts from yellow as well as progresses to brown

* Quality

The cut a ruby is established by the diamond's proportion such as its shape, width and depth. The cut determines what is called the ruby's "brilliance". Also if the diamond itself has perfect shade and quality, with a bad cut the diamond will have a plain sparkle. This is since the cut identifies just how light trips within the diamond. The Gemological Institute of America has also developed a quality grading system to place ruby clearness. This grading system consists of Perfect (Fl), Inside Flawless (IF), Extremely Really Slightly Included (VV1 or VV2), Really Slightly Included(VS1 or VS2), A Little Consisted Of(SI1 or SI2), as well as Consisted Of(I1, I2, and also I3). Although this system had actually been added to the ruby industry, it is not extensively used. This is because of the reality that it took a great deal of method and also training to incorporate it.

* Cut

The cut a ruby is figured out by the diamond's percentage such as its shape, size and deepness. The cut establishes what is called the ruby's "luster". Even if the diamond itself has ideal color and clarity, with a bad cut the diamond will certainly have a dull luster. This is due to the fact that the cut identifies just how light trips within the diamond.

There are 3 sorts of cuts that can figure out the diamond's brilliance. These are a superficial cut, a cut that is unfathomable as well as perfect cut. A superficial cut is a cut of a diamond that is too low, that light traveling via it is shed under of the stone as well as does not return right into sight. This cut makes a diamond show up drab as well as boring. A cut that is also deep is a cut that is too expensive, that light traveling via it runs away via the sides and darkens the rock. An excellent cut is an ideal cut on a ruby that mirrors light to the top of the stone, offering it ideal luster.

* Carat

As mentioned on the last newsletter, a solitary carat(ct) considers about 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller carat weight diamonds that weigh much less than a carat weight, it is shared as points (pt). Factors are 1/100 of a carat weight. Carat weight of a ruby is essential because of that larger rubies are rarer compared to smaller sized ones, so generally the larger the ruby the extra expensive it is. There is no typical grading system or diagram that can reveal different carat weight. This is since there are many variants of rubies fit and also cut, that makes rocks of similar weight, look various.

* Imitation Diamonds

Given that rubies are the most important and rarest of all the gemstones, efforts have actually been made to duplicate or also boost diamonds making use of cheaper options. A lot of times, honest mistakes have actually been made and these options or various other gems such as spinel were often confused with real rubies. In many cases, some unethical people aim to offer these options to misfortunate customers in order to profit. Below we will discuss regarding these choices as well as methods to determine them.

* Artificial Diamonds

Artificial diamonds are rubies that are grown made in a research laboratory. The initial recognized cases of ruby synthesis were asserted to be documented in between 1879 - 1928, however this was never ever verified. It had not been till the 1940's where research study began in the USA, Sweden, Soviet Union started researching. Artificial rubies are otherwise recognized as High Stress Heat (HPHT) diamonds or Chemical Vapor Down Payment (CVD) rubies. The name of both these artificial diamonds originates from the procedures used to produce them. Several of these artificial rubies might either have greater, lower or comparable attributes than that of a diamond. As a result, these synthetic rubies are utilized for abrasives, cutting and also polishing devices, as well as switches in power terminals.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond substances that are used to duplicate the look or even the form of a diamond. The most basic and popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at simple view could shimmer greater than a diamond as well as additionally it is less thick, implying that a 1 carat weight CZ will be a lot bigger than a 1 carat weight diamond. Nowadays, a more prominent simulant is moissanite, which has just the same attributes of a ruby. These qualities consist of firmness (Moissanite-9.25 and also diamond-10 in Mohs scale), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 and also ruby -2.42) as well as dispersion (Moissanite -.104 and ruby -.044). This makes it tough to distinguish both at plain sight and also would certainly commonly need testers to tell the difference. In the next area we will talk about how you can determine moissanites as well as other imitations.

* Actual or Counterfeit?

An old technique of identifying diamonds is to do a scrape examination. This requires scraping a ruby with one more ruby which is damaging and is hardly ever made use of nowadays. The finest and also most reputable method to examine for diamonds is to make use of testers that utilize thermal conductivity. These testers are composed of battery powered thermistors installed with a retracting copper idea. This tester functions by injecting the warmth into the evaluated stone then the device measures the quantity of warmth that it carries out. However thermal conductivity testers functions best to identify rubies and also its other simulants, it will not assist differentiate laboratory developed or artificial rocks. To be able to recognize these, particular optical strategies are needed. Laboratories utilize strategies such as spectroscopy, microscopy and luminescence in order to figure out a certain stones origin. The average person could make use of loupes and also microscopes to distinguish artificial rocks. Natural diamonds normally have small flaws and flaws such as inclusions or some type of foreign product, which will not be discovered in synthetics.

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3 Emerald Cut Diamond Ring online Florida

Pearl Earrings online Fernandina Beach

For centuries in Fernandina Beach , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Fernandina Beach . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Fernandina Beach . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

3 stone halo engagement ring

Fernandina Beach How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Just how are diamond cut qualities assigned?

This is where points begin to get made complex. The techniques utilized to quantitatively examine the quality of a cut differ. The way the GIA determines exactly what a diamond's cut quality ought to be, for instance, differs in extremely specific means from the method various other certifiers like the AGS do it. In many cases, these organizations don't disclose the precise information of the processes they make use of.

The shape of a diamond additionally makes a distinction with respect to exactly how its cut grade is identified. Although there are some basic standards that remain the exact same for any type of kind of ruby, the exact methods utilized to quality a round ruby's cut are different from those used to quality a heart-shaped ruby's cut.

The remainder of this description will certainly concentrate on round diamonds, as this is by far the most typical diamond shape. One of the factors influencing the cut grade of a rounded diamond is the variety of aspects it has. Elements are the level, defined areas on the surface area of a diamond. The facets on round rubies are generally triangular. Currently, it's believed that the excellent round diamond must have 33 aspects on the crown (the area of the ruby that rests above the band, which itself is the best point of the ruby) as well as 25 on the structure (the reduced, longer area of the ruby). When there are flaws externally of the diamond, cutters may include additional elements in order to cover them. This leads to a deterioration in the overall high quality of the cut.

While the aspect count is normally concurred upon as an excellent method of evaluating the high quality of a diamond cut, there are various other factors on which gemologists regularly differ. A few of the various other factors utilized by some authorities in order to help figure out cut grades include the height of the diamond's crown, the deepness of the pavilion, the size of the table (the top of the crown), as well as the angles of the crown and structure.

The American Requirement criteria for round rubies requires a crown elevation of 16.2%, pavilion depth of 43.1%, and also table diameter of 53% of the overall band diameter. The Perfect Brilliant benchmark, however, calls for 19.2% crown elevation, 40% structure depth, and also 56.5% table size. While these distinctions could be tough for novices to recognize, they are a great image of the difficulties connected with developing a straightforward analysis of a ruby's cut.

Although there are some disagreements regarding the specific percentages that make up the perfect ruby cut, for prospective diamond buyers, the most essential point to comprehend is that diamond qualifications given by organizations like the AGS as well as GIA are credible and also meaningful. Reliable diamond vendors base the prices at which they deal rubies on the cut in addition to the remainder of the "four Cs." When you buy a ruby, you do not have to stress over the assumption of what makes a good ruby cut changing a lot that the value of your ruby will be substantially affected.

Which ruby reduced grade stands for the very best worth?

Which type of ruby is best for you mostly depends on your budget plan. For buyers who want to purchase them, vendors generally advise rubies with the highest feasible cut qualities. Nevertheless, this could result from some self-involvement on their part.

The various other three Cs have an effect on diamond rates too, so it can be tough to evaluate the specific difference in cost between a Perfect or Excellent cut diamond as well as a Great cut. For laid-back buyers as well as budget-conscious investors alike, diamonds with a Really Excellent or Excellent cut quality could stand for an exceptional value. This is because, while they could be much more budget friendly compared to otherwise equivalent Suitable or Superb cut rubies, the noticeable distinction in top quality is marginal.

At the exact same time, really feel cost-free to utilize your discretion. If, for instance, you come across a diamond with an Ideal cut rating which has great rankings in the other groups and is still within your budget, after that you must absolutely consider it, as long as you're dealing with a reputable supplier.

affordable engagement rings

Exactly how Do You Know If The Diamond Is Phony Or Actual Ruby?

Fernandina Beach

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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