White Gold Rings online Durant

For centuries in Durant , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Durant . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Durant . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

3 stone sapphire ring

Durant How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

To begin our feature on various sorts of gemstones, we will start with the most effective as well as most popular gemstone of them all the ruby. The diamond is the utmost gems. It has very few weak points and also many strengths. It sparkles with its phenomenal value and emotional value. It is used in wedding rings to stand for unlimited love or made use of as gifts/jewelry to be given to liked ones. But the ruby is a lot greater than its timeless charm.

The diamond acquires its name from the Greek work adamas indicating unsurpassable. In firmness, there is no comparison. The diamond rates in the Mohs scale a 10 which is the hardest material in the world. Its reducing resistance is 140 times that of the ruby as well as sapphire, the gemstones(Diamond) that are next in the Mohs range in hardness. The diamond's optical residential properties such as gloss and rigidness make it unique and conveniently differentiated from various other imitations. Take pleasure in!

* History of Diamonds

The initial videotaped diamond go back around 800 B.C. in India. Some believe it even dated back 6,000 years ago. The diamonds were used as attractive objectives and as talismans to ward off evil and also supply protection in fight. During the Dark Ages, rubies were also stated to be utilized as a medical help. Spiritual medical professionals even told people that if they hold a diamond in a hand and also make the indicator of the cross would, it would cure and illness as well as heal wounds.

Rubies came to be extra prominent throughout the 19th century because of discovery of diamond down payments in South Africa. This exploration results in enhanced supply, boosted reducing and also polishing methods, as well as development in economic situation. In 1979, geologists located the Argyle pipeline in Australia which to this day is the wealthiest ruby down payment on the planet. Argyle, because then, alone is in charge of providing over one third of the world's diamonds every year.

* Diamonds: How are they formed?

Rubies is composed of an allotrope of carbons that are created in high-pressure, high-temperature conditions. Rubies are generated 90 miles under the Earth's surface area at temperature levels of about 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Rubies are created deep within the planet and ultimately, over very extended periods of time, push their means to the earth's surface, generally via volcanic eruptions.

The age of these diamonds from under the surface of the planet are from 1 to 3.3 billion years old! When rubies are created and also begin their ascent to the earth's surface, they undergo networks where the magma from the volcano climbs to the surface area, choosing up rubies in the process and also at some point transferring them on the surface area, where they are ultimately found as well as extracted.

* The 4 C's of Diamonds

There are four distinct qualities that establish the worth and also high quality of a diamond. These are the shade, cut, clearness and carat weight. Or else called the 4 C's of a diamond. In the complying with, we will certainly discuss these attributes thoroughly.

* Shade

In the last e-newsletter, we touch based on the color of gemstones as being one of the most essential function due to the reality that shade is one of the most noticeable attribute. The perfect ruby should show up clear and also colorless but this is not the situation for all rubies. Diamonds can come in any kind of color of the rainbow most usual color is a color of yellow or brown. The Geological Institute of America(GIA) have actually developed a standard to quality diamond shade. This guideline contains a text system that varies from the alphabet D - Z. Please see listed below:

D E F No Color G H I J Virtually Colorless K L M Faintly colored, cannot rarely be seen and usually yellow in color N O P Q R Lightly tinted, normally yellow. Could be seen with the naked eye S T U V W X Y Z Tinted, begins with yellow and progresses to brown

* Clarity

The cut a diamond is determined by the diamond's percentage such as its form, width and also depth. The cut establishes just what is called the diamond's "sparkle". Also if the ruby itself has perfect shade and quality, with a poor cut the diamond will certainly have a boring sparkle. This is because the cut determines exactly how light trips within the diamond. The Gemological Institute of The U.S.A. has additionally devised a quality grading system to rank ruby quality. This grading system consists of Remarkable (Fl), Inside Perfect (IF), Very Really Slightly Consisted Of (VV1 or VV2), Very Slightly Consisted Of(VS1 or VS2), Slightly Consisted Of(SI1 or SI2), and also Consisted Of(I1, I2, as well as I3). Although this system had been contributed to the ruby industry, it is not extensively made use of. This is because of the truth that it took a whole lot of technique as well as training to integrate it.

* Cut

The cut a diamond is identified by the ruby's proportion such as its shape, width as well as deepness. The cut establishes what is called the diamond's "luster". Also if the diamond itself has best shade as well as clearness, with a poor cut the diamond will certainly have a plain luster. This is since the cut figures out how light journeys within the ruby.

There are 3 sorts of cuts that could establish the diamond's radiance. These are a superficial cut, a cut that is also deep and ideal cut. A shallow cut is a cut of a ruby that is also reduced, that light taking a trip through it is lost on the bottom of the stone and also does not come back into view. This cut makes a diamond appear drab and boring. A cut that is unfathomable is a cut that is expensive, that light taking a trip through it gets away through the sides as well as dims the stone. An ideal cut is an excellent cut on a diamond that mirrors light to the top of the stone, giving it excellent sparkle.

* Carat

As stated on the last newsletter, a solitary carat weight(ct) weighs regarding 200 milligrams or.2 grams. For smaller sized carat diamonds that evaluate much less than a carat, it is shared as points (pt). Points are 1/100 of a carat weight. Carat weight of a ruby is essential due to that bigger rubies are rarer compared to smaller ones, so primarily the larger the ruby the a lot more pricey it is. There is no common grading system or layout that could show different carat weight. This is because there are many variations of diamonds in shape and also cut, makings rocks of similar weight, look different.

* Replica Diamonds

Considering that diamonds are the most valuable and rarest of all the gemstones, efforts have been made to replicate and even improve diamonds making use of cheaper choices. A whole lot of times, sincere mistakes have been made as well as these alternatives or other gemstones such as spinel were occasionally puzzled with actual diamonds. In many cases, some unethical people attempt to market these alternatives to misfortunate buyers in order to profit. Listed below we will certainly review regarding these options and also means to determine them.

* Synthetic Diamonds

Synthetic diamonds are diamonds that are grown made in a research laboratory. The very first recognized situations of diamond synthesis were asserted to be recorded in between 1879 - 1928, but this was never verified. It had not been up until the 1940's where study began in the USA, Sweden, Soviet Union began researching. Artificial rubies are or else called High Stress High Temperature Level (HPHT) rubies or Chemical Vapor Deposit (CVD) rubies. The name of both these artificial rubies originates from the processes made use of to develop them. A few of these artificial diamonds can either have greater, minimal or comparable qualities than that of a diamond. Therefore, these artificial diamonds are made use of for abrasives, reducing and brightening devices, and switches in power stations.

* Simulants

Simulants are non-diamond compounds that are used to reproduce the appearance or even the form of a diamond. The most standard as well as popular simulant is cubic zirconia (CZ). CZ at ordinary sight could shimmer greater than a ruby and it is much less dense, suggesting that a 1 carat weight CZ will certainly be much bigger compared to a 1 carat diamond. Nowadays, an extra popular simulant is moissanite, which has just the same features of a ruby. These qualities consist of solidity (Moissanite-9.25 and diamond-10 in Mohs range), refractive index(Moissanite -2.65 as well as ruby -2.42) and dispersion (Moissanite -.104 and also ruby -.044). This makes it difficult to distinguish both at simple sight and also would certainly typically call for testers to inform the distinction. In the next area we will talk about how you can identify moissanites as well as other imitations.

* Real or Phony?

An old approach of identifying rubies is to do a scrape test. This needs damaging a ruby with an additional diamond which is destructive as well as is rarely used nowadays. The very best and also most trustworthy method to evaluate for rubies is to use testers that use thermal conductivity. These testers contain battery powered thermistors mounted with a retracting copper suggestion. This tester functions by infusing the warm onto the evaluated rock then the tool determines the amount of heat that it conducts. Nevertheless thermal conductivity testers works best to differentiate diamonds and also its various other simulants, it will certainly not help differentiate laboratory produced or artificial stones. To be able to recognize these, particular optical strategies are needed. Laboratories utilize techniques such as spectroscopy, microscopy and luminescence in order to identify a certain rocks beginning. The typical person can use loupes and microscopic lens to distinguish synthetic stones. All-natural rubies typically have small blemishes and also defects such as inclusions or some sort of foreign material, which will certainly not be found in synthetics.

wedding band sets

The Big 4 Cs For Loose Diamonds

Durant

How are ruby cut grades designated?

This is where points begin to obtain complicated. The methods used to quantitatively evaluate the quality of a cut vary. The means the GIA determines exactly what a diamond's cut grade should be, as an example, varies in extremely details methods from the means other certifiers like the AGS do it. In many cases, these companies do not divulge the precise details of the processes they use.

The shape of a diamond likewise makes a difference relative to just how its cut quality is determined. Although there are some basic criteria that stay the very same for any kind of ruby, the specific techniques utilized to quality a round ruby's cut are various from those used to quality a heart-shaped ruby's cut.

The remainder of this explanation will certainly concentrate on round rubies, as this is without a doubt the most typical ruby form. Among the factors influencing the cut grade of a round diamond is the variety of aspects it has. Aspects are the flat, defined locations externally of a ruby. The elements on round rubies are normally triangular. Currently, it's thought that the ideal round ruby should have 33 facets on the crown (the area of the diamond that sits above the band, which itself is the widest factor of the diamond) and 25 on the pavilion (the reduced, longer section of the diamond). When there are flaws on the surface area of the diamond, cutters might add additional facets in order to cover them. This results in a destruction in the total high quality of the cut.

While the facet matter is generally set as an excellent way of judging the high quality of a diamond cut, there are other factors on which jewelers regularly differ. A few of the other factors made use of by some authorities in order to help determine cut qualities include the height of the ruby's crown, the depth of the structure, the size of the table (the top of the crown), as well as the angles of the crown and structure.

The American Criterion benchmark for round rubies asks for a crown elevation of 16.2%, pavilion deepness of 43.1%, as well as table diameter of 53% of the total band size. The Ideal Brilliant benchmark, however, asks for 19.2% crown height, 40% pavilion deepness, and 56.5% table size. While these distinctions could be challenging for amateurs to recognize, they are an excellent illustration of the troubles linked with developing a straightforward assessment of a diamond's cut.

Although there are some arguments as to the precise proportions that constitute the excellent ruby cut, for prospective diamond customers, the most important point to comprehend is that diamond accreditations given by organizations like the AGS and also GIA are credible and also purposeful. Trusted ruby suppliers base the prices at which they deal rubies on the cut as well as the remainder of the "4 Cs." When you buy a diamond, you don't have to worry regarding the assumption of exactly what makes an excellent diamond cut transforming so a lot that the value of your diamond will be considerably influenced.

Which diamond cut grade represents the very best value?

Which type of ruby is best for you mainly depends on your budget. For purchasers who want to acquire them, vendors generally suggest rubies with the greatest possible cut qualities. Nonetheless, this might result from some self-involvement on their component.

The various other three Cs have an effect on diamond rates too, so it can be challenging to gauge the exact difference in price in between a Suitable or Exceptional cut ruby and a Very Great cut. For casual purchasers and also budget-conscious financiers alike, diamonds with a Great or Great cut grade could represent an exceptional worth. This is because, while they could be much more budget-friendly compared to or else equal Suitable or Excellent cut diamonds, the noticeable difference in top quality is minimal.

At the same time, feel complimentary to utilize your discretion. If, as an example, you encounter a diamond with an Ideal reduced ranking which has good rankings in the other classifications and is still within your budget plan, then you should absolutely consider it, as long as you're managing a trustworthy supplier.

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3 Emerald Cut Diamond Ring online Florida

Solitaire Ring With Wedding Band online Durant

For centuries in Durant , diamond has been used as an epitome of true love. It reflects love, affection, security, trust and a life long commitment. When you gift a diamond to a woman, let it be in the form of diamond engagement ring, you need not say the rest. It will make others understand that how much serious you are for her. It will portray your love in the best possible manner.

You can find a variety of diamond engagement rings at online jewelry stores in Durant . These diamond engagement rings come in many shapes and styles. It is apt to choose diamond as the stone for these engagement rings because diamond is considered beautiful and it is also the hardest of all substances present on the earth. This is primarily the reason why people consider it ominous and feel that wearing diamond can bring same kind of good luck in their lives. This has made diamond engagement ring, diamond solitaire ring, designer engagement ring, diamond engagement ring platinum, discount diamond engagement ring a pre determined gift for those involved in love.

Out of all rings, a ring with solitaire is considered the most appropriate symbol which can depict your love. The attraction with the solitaire is incomparable. Diamond solitaire rings are set in a prong setting with 4 to 8 claws. Prongs can mostly be seen in platinum, yet another very beautiful and attractive metal. In most of the cases platinum is considered, as it is generally thin, and makes the diamond more visible.

Then there is yet another form of diamond engagement rings, which is attractive as well as romantic. It is known as past, present future ring. These rings define love as eternal and something which was in the past will be in the present and will be there in the future. The ring actually consists of three stones of diamond. The design of the ring can be like a center piece of diamond with two pieces around, or the three pieces of diamond clustered together. Side stone diamond engagement rings are also one style of engagement rings, which is elegant. This type of engagement ring is basically attractive as well as elegant.

They go well for working women.

Then there are antique diamond rings in Durant . These are also called Victorian rings. The designs of these rings are just like what was prevalent in the past. These diamond rings also look well if they go with some other stones. And if you want to give something priceless and sentimental to your lover, then you can gift her ancestral ring. Ancestral ring is the ring of your family, coming down since past. This ring must have been worn by your mother and grandmother. These rings are high in sentimental value and thus are considered priceless. Bit if you do not have such a family ring, then there is nothing to be upset over. You can buy for your fiancé or your wife unique engagement rings; who knows, one day; this ring can becomes an ancestral ring for your family.

So, what are you waiting for? If you are planning to walk the aisle with hand in hand with your lover, then begin the process by gifting her a diamond engagement ring. After all, diamonds are a woman’s best friend.

diamond rings

Durant How to Buy a Diamond And The 4 Biggest Mistakes When Buying a Diamond

Rubies are normally offered in a very vast array of colors. The majority of people learn about colorless rubies and GIA's color grading system that is utilized to identify a diamond's body shade ... you understand D, E, F, and so on. This color grading system is only used to categorize the most usual ruby body color of yellow nonetheless anytime a diamond is located in another shade like pink, blue, green, and so on; after that this ruby is referred to as a "" expensive diamond"".

All-natural Fancy diamonds could be very costly as well as often times more costly compared to a similar dimension colorless diamond. A great instance of a Fancy ruby is the infamous 45.52 carat weight elegant deep blue diamond, the Hope Ruby, which gets on display in the Smithsonian Nature Museum in Washington, DC.

A shade improved diamond is a 100% natural diamond that has had its color altered. And also most importantly, shade enhanced rubies been available in a really broad choice of colors at very cost effective costs!

A bit of history- For several, several years it has actually been popular that a diamond's color might be "" boosted"" by putting a little colored substance externally of a diamond and much like magic ... a ruby that had a recognizable yellowish shade would certainly change to a much more eye-catching near colorless diamond. Sadly, this kind of shade boosted diamond could change back to its original body shade if this colored substance was unintentionally eliminated. In more recent years, the modern technology of shade enhanced rubies has actually gone extremely high tech. It is currently feasible to entirely alter the shade of a diamond! These processes are taken into consideration permanent because it does continue to be steady when revealed to day-to-day regular conditions. The color will not discolor if exposed to sunshine or be washed off by extreme chemicals.

How is it done? The wanted result of any of these treatments is to have a much more marketable ruby. A much less valuable diamond would certainly be a diamond that has a reduced body shade or in some cases a lower clarity. The shade enhanced ruby therapy companies recognize if they start with a particular sort of diamond as well as process it for a specific amount of time that they ought to wind up with a specific color but it does not always work that means. This is a science that does need some art in their procedures ... the only procedure that gives regular outcomes is the covering procedure.

The 3 procedures are as follows- Process # 1- HPHT Color Improved Diamonds- High Pressure/ High Temperature Level (HPHT) therapy can improve the shade of certain kinds of brown diamonds and therefore raise their value. General Electric has created a process that virtually is a mechanical simulation of a ruby's development in nature. The shade improved diamond will certainly be warmed up to an extremely high temperature under a very high, maintained stress. Faults in the crystal structure are after that rearranged causing an alteration of the ruby's shade. Because the problems of HPHT are extremely just like diamond's initial development, only a well geared up lab will be able to favorably identify this kind of shade improved diamond. HPHT was initially made use of to transform yellow-colored diamonds into more marketable fancy tinted boosted diamonds, now it is also made use of to transform some undesirable brownish rubies right into more preferable anemic tinted improved diamonds.

Refine # 2- Irradiated Color Enhanced Diamonds- OK ... do not start obtaining all delighted because you saw the word irradiated! This is a 100% safe procedure that is extremely similar to exactly what is made use of to maintain food by subjecting it to a stream of Gamma rays. The shade enhanced diamond process is done in a number of various means but the outcomes are all the exact same. You begin with a reduced color (P, Q, R, and so on) 100% natural diamond that has actually currently been reduced as well as polished, then it is exposed to a stream of quick electrons. During this part of the procedure the diamond will certainly turn to a really dark color because some of the atoms in the ruby's crystal framework have currently been disjointed as well as this subsequently has actually impacted the means light travel through the ruby. Next the diamond undergoes a regulated heating (annealing) process, this permits a few of those atoms to transfer (partially fixed) in order to acquire a desired color.

Refine # 3- Covered Shade Enhanced Diamonds- The coating on sleek diamonds refers to a thin fabricated layer that modifies the color of the diamond. The finishing could either be of the preferred color or can create a colored interference-effect. Sadly occasionally this procedure is done to deceive a buyer. It is a fairly very easy process to execute, it has actually been around for several years (although the finishings materials are better now), and it does not need a great deal of expensive high technology equipment. Recently, I've seen some pink layered rubies on the market, they are very appealing ... as well as certainly you would certainly have to buy them understanding that they have been coated and also follow your jeweler's standards concerning having and also caring for these color boosted rubies. The finish could be applied to the whole of a diamond's surface, just all-time low of the ruby, or to a slim area near the girdle. A well-applied finish can alter the color by several color quality. Some finishings could be removed with boiling in acid, solid cleansing options, and even household chemicals. Sometimes dots or bigger areas of purple or blue ink are repainted on the diamond in order to help neutralize a yellow-colored shade. The diamond's setting will usually cover the dots, so they are challenging to see in a placed rock.

So, is a color boosted ruby right for you? Possibly ... all-natural fancy shade rubies could be gorgeous however they are pricey! Shade improved diamonds are economical and permit many individuals to own a brilliantly tinted ruby. Ask your regional jeweler if they have any Fancy diamonds ... either all-natural or shade enhanced diamonds. It is always interesting, and fun, to take a look at something different!

Under regular wear the irradiated as well as HPHT shade improved diamonds will certainly have no problems of the color fading away. The only consideration will be when you need to have any kind of service done on the item of precious jewelry. If this kind of color improved diamond is subjected to too much quantities of warmth it may affect the color. The jeweler will have to understand that the diamond is a shade boosted diamond before any kind of job is done as well as after that the jewelry expert will have the ability to pick the finest program of activity. Shade improved diamonds are currently also made use of as the little accent diamonds around a bigger colorless diamond. There are many exciting pieces of precious jewelry available with little blue, yellow, black, or environment-friendly shade improved diamonds.

Since you find out about shade enhanced rubies and also a person attempts to sell you on what they call an all-natural fancy tinted ruby yet it is at an incredibly bargain cost ... you will certainly understand that something simply does not seem appropriate concerning the deal. A record from a recognized grading lab should go along with all natural Fancy tinted rubies that are marketed as all-natural. If you manage a respectable business as well as you have been guaranteed regarding just what you are purchasing, after that you will reduce the possibility of something bad taking place to you. Similar to any type of scenario including a costly acquisition of something that not several individuals are experienceded in, education must be an important part of your plan. This is a lot more crucial if you prepare to buy a color boosted ruby. Bud Boland has actually remained in the jewelry business for 40 years as well as has done every little thing from watchmaking, diamond setting, jewelry making, and has actually been a Gemologist for nearly 35 years. He is a Graduate Jeweler from GIA (Gemological Institute of America), which is likewise the place where he was an Instructor. He has instructed regarding rubies to thousands of trainees from all over the globe

channel set diamonds

What You Should Know When Buying a Diamond Ring

Durant

In an ideal world with unlimited budgets and an infinite supply of diamonds, everyone would have beautifully cut "D Flawless" diamonds. In the real world every diamond is unique. There are plenty of gorgeous diamonds to go around - you just need to know how to find one. Choosing a diamond is about balancing several factors to make the most of your budget. Each factor contributes to the beauty and prestige of your diamond. I will explain these factors so you will be prepared to make an informed decision about your diamond purchase.

FACTOR 1: CARAT WEIGHT

People often use the word Carat when discussing how big a diamond is, however "Carat" actually refers to the weight of a diamond. There is no rule as to what carat weight you should buy, but you'll doubtless have heard that "bigger is better." If you ask me, I think bigger is great but you shouldn't forget about the other aspects of a diamond's quality.

A useful tip: if you're looking at Certified Diamonds, you may find it valuable to compare the diameters of different diamonds. Since every diamond is individually cut, some may appear larger than others of the same weight.

FACTOR 2: SHAPE

Approximately 75% of diamonds sold worldwide are Round Brilliants. Rounds diamonds are the most popular, most brilliant, and most expensive. If you are purchasing a diamond as a surprise, Round Brilliant is generally your safest bet.

There is no real hierarchy of shapes being better or worse - it is truly a matter of personal preference. Princess Cuts are the second most popular, and a classic alternative to round diamonds. Cushion Cuts are trendy and have a beautiful vintage look. If you want something different but not too crazy, try an Oval Cut, Asscher Cut, or Radiant Cut diamond.

While no shape is better, there are some significant differences between shapes. Take for example, the radiant cut vs the emerald cut. Though they are a similar shape, the extra facets of the radiant cut give it additional fire and sparkle. If you prefer the emerald cut's understated elegance, consider that it's easier to spot any imperfections and select a higher clarity grade.

Another tip: Diamonds (even round diamonds) may not be perfectly symmetrical. It's nothing to worry about if your diamond's width does not precisely match its height, but if your diamond is much longer than it is wide it may not be what you're expecting. This is especially the case in shapes like Cushion and Oval, where a more asymmetrical diamond might look "skinny", with much of the fire and brilliance concentrated at the ends.

FACTOR 3: CUT

"Cut" refers to a diamond's finish and proportions, and is critical in determining its beauty. Getting the angles right ensures a beautiful diamond that's full of life. In many cases it can be more difficult to spot flaws in a fiery, brilliant diamond. Cut is generally graded in five categories: Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. Excellent is the highest graded awarded by GIA (whereas other labs may use terms like "ideal" or numbers like "0"). If you want to play safe, stick to "Very Good" and "Excellent" cuts when you choose your diamond.

FACTOR 4: CLARITY

Almost all diamonds have naturally¬ occurring features called "inclusions." Inclusions form as the diamond crystallizes deep underground, and they are unique to each diamond. They take many different forms, and can help you identify a diamond as your own. However, large and prominent inclusions can detract from the beauty of a diamond.

There are many different types of inclusions, and not all are created equal. If your diamond certificate has an "inclusion map," check where the inclusions are. Try to find a diamond with inclusions near the edge where they will be masked by sparkle or hidden by the setting of your diamond. If your budget is limited, I recommend buying "SI" clarity or better. "SI" stands for "Slightly Included." With close inspection you can usually spot the inclusions in an SI¬ graded diamond, but these inclusions will most likely not be visible once your diamond is set in jewellery. If you want to be sure your diamond will look "eye clean", even up close, I recommend selecting a VS2 clarity diamond or better. "VS" stands for "Very Slight Inclusion," and imperfections in VS clarity stones are rarely seen by the naked eye.

FACTOR 5: COLOUR

The term "colour" usually refers to how much warm tint is in a diamond. The scale ranges from D (colorless) to Z (very strongly tinted yellow or brown). Pure white diamonds are considered more desirable, and are more expensive. Warmer¬-hued diamonds (such as K, L, and M) are not necessarily less attractive, but they are significantly less valuable.

Conventional wisdom is to select J colour or better. Personally, I love G and H colour diamonds ¬- they hit the "sweet spot" where most people will not notice colour in the diamond unless they're doing a direct comparison. However, an I or J colour diamond that is well cut and has a lot of life can give you a beautiful diamond at a bargain price.

Depending on how they are cut, different diamonds will display colour differently. This is why colour grades are assigned by looking at a diamond upside¬down. Generally, more¬ brilliant diamonds show their colour less than less brilliant diamonds.

FACTOR 6: FLUORESCENCE

Fluorescence has a bad rep, and most of it is unfair. Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra¬violet light. Fluorescent diamonds can glow any one of several colours, but the most common is blue. In rare cases fluorescence can cause your diamond to have a milky appearance when viewed in direct daylight. This is most often the case with strong or very strong fluorescence and D/E/F colour diamonds.

However, there are many, many more cases where blue fluorescence is a positive thing. Imagine you were shining a blue light on a yellow diamond... the blue tint can make your diamond look whiter. If your diamond falls in the "near colourless," "lightly tinted," or "tinted" range I recommend looking for medium blue or faint blue fluorescence.

Warning: Green, red, and yellow fluorescence are rare, and they will not have the same benefit. If you are interested in a diamond that has strong blue, very strong blue, green, red, or yellow fluorescence, I recommend asking your salesperson to show you your diamond outside in natural daylight. If you're buying online, contact the seller prior to making your purchase so they can examine the diamond first in natural daylight.

FACTOR 7: GRADER

This should always be your first question: Says who? Every diamond grading laboratory has different standards, so comparing diamonds graded by different sources is extremely unreliable. One grader might grade a diamond K SI2, and another might call that same diamond F VS2. I know that sounds crazy, but I see it happen all the time.

The most reputable and consistent grading laboratories are GIA, AGS, IGI, and HRD. GIA is considered the global standard worldwide. AGS is a popular alternative in the U.S.A. while IGI and HRD are more common in Europe.

EGL is tricky because there are EGL labs all over the world, and some of them do a great job while others can be less reliable. We strongly recommend caution when buying an EGL certified diamond unless it's from EGL-¬USA.

Many diamonds are assigned grades by valuation companies and in-¬house graders. If your diamond does not come with a report from a major laboratory, you should always ask where the grader trained. He or she should be certified by a major grading laboratory: GIA, AGS, IGI, or HRD. Be smart and be cautious about reports done by uncertified shop owners, salespeople, or valuation companies.

SELECTING YOUR DIAMOND

You can choose to purchase your diamond online, or from a retail store. If you prefer to purchase your diamond in a retail store, avoid the big chains and shop with smaller independent jewellers. Many independent jewellers are actually significantly less expensive than their large competitors. (You don't have to take my word for it - shop around and you'll quickly learn that this is true). This way you'll buy a better quality diamond and - if you wish - you'll have the opportunity to design your own hand-made engagement ring setting.

If you choose to shop online, I would recommend comparing prices and service across several websites. Be sure that the company ships from your country - otherwise you'll be hit with expensive duty and GST. Always make sure you call or e-mail customer service and have them hand-inspect your diamond before you complete your purchase. Sometimes a diamond may seem like a great deal, but it could have an unfortunate inclusion, asymmetrical cut, or be negatively impacted by fluoresence. And above all, make sure you have an easy and affordable way to return the diamond if it doesn't turn out as you'd hoped. Online shopping is the best way to get a great deal on a diamond for your engagement ring, diamond studs, or pendant - just review this article, be reasonably cautious, and have fun.

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